celecoxib 100 side effects champions-league-news.com corsidoppiaggio.com asiliahomehealth.com can i drink alcohol takingnifedipine 60 mg xenical 120 milligrams roche secretlives.me should i use tiger balm with warfarin can you cut tablets to wean off of bupropion sr generic plavix information diovan 50 mg lifebychristian.com lexapro alcohol liver damage njlegdistrict3.com niagarajazzfestival.com kamagra australia paypal cheap singulair canada can you take meloxicam and percocet at same time flomax off label dosing for kidney stones venta de cytotec sin receta san pedro sula finasteride price 14leclub.com levitra buy us IMAJJI.COM best price on viagra from canada a safe outlet for viagra online thailand nortriptyline 25 mg withdrawal creasite.fr gkminc.com sertraline hcl time help feel better sertraline zoloft dosage forum diltiazem hcl 120 mg side effects torontoems.ca flagyl side effects dogs black stool zyprexa 20 clopidogrel kidney pain virtualsem.com desyrel tablet 100 mg 20 mg elavil plus 100 mg zoloft adv-re.com zum.no 8haotejia.com kimlearningcenter.com ativan phenergan ondansetron is diflucan used to treat nasal fungus tamoxifen 20 mg tablet price caneasucre.com fexofenadine hcl 60 mg pseudoephedrine hcl 120 mg buy viagra in leeds micardis plus 40 12.5 mg tablet 7th round clomid success can tetracycline mc cure cough theburgeradventure.com golfnewmexico.com dosis ciprofloxazin metronidazole toxicity dosing for celebrex for neuropathy gabapentin dogs purchase louielouie.net melvilleauthor.com viagra pharmacy sales londom toughfurniture.com augmentin 625 mg is it safe when breastfeeding onlywebs.us cabinetsbydesignsarasota.com free proventil inhaler duloxetine withdrawal forum uk tricare cost for cipro hc otic amoxicillin for ghoneria 3.coma.comday atenolol and depo provera have back pain after using clomid 50mg thedirtfloor.com side effects of metronidazole vaginal tablets cloudy urine on ssertraline purchase nitroglycerin ointment metformin side effects in men will 800 mg of lisinopril cause heart failure flomax para que sirve monikagawor.pl amoxicillin rash, uptodate nizoral 2 cream price clopidogrel and kidney stones does cialis give a larger erection maxalt 10mg reviews how long does metoprolol tartrate last norvasc 5mg harga who makes pink nizoral can you get high off levofloxacin propecia online canadian pharmacy lovedrop.us RETROFITREBATE.COM where do you get doxycycline hyclate 100mg injections prednisone dosage in dogs thesavvysocialista.com how much for 5 gram cialis costco image atenolol 500 mg perbedaan amoxcilin dengan amoxicillin trihydrate how good is cialis dienogest 2 mg ethinyl estradiol 0.03 mg will voltaren make me sleepy augmentin 228 levofloxacino en gatos buy maxalt mlt online amlodipine besylate 5mg adalah obat nursing considerations for esomeprazole getting off antidepressants side effects apo metronidazole 500mg for dogs amoxicillin rash adult pic thisisjacobriddle.com neurontin and memory loss overdose lisinopril pills how long does 250 mg azithromycin stay in your system lbc4help.org can dogs take aquatic doxycycline nasminc.com azithromycin 1000mg bacterial coverage completing does of bactrim costo cytotec farmacias ahorro slp como usar la cytotec para abirtat tres meseeses advantagegolfcars.com took diflucan before i knew i was pregnant can u drink while taking elavil and sevella plavix 75mg tablets marketingibiznes.pl micardis 80 mg overdose NEOHAIRINDO.COM what happens if you crush and smoke antidepressants weaning off mylan quetiapine content-catalyst.com gkris.com esomeprazole nursing responsibilities waterfrontalehouse.com westwoodhomesinc.com nortriptyline 10mg cost losing weight when taking wellbutrin at bedtime will ciprodex otic cause high blood pressure lamisil one time generic prescription viagra without can i take ibuprofen with naproxen 500 mg azithromycin 5 day dose pack zithromax bagaimana cara membeli cytotec di pasar pramuka does gabapentin work like a benzodiazepine clopidogrel price at walmart lamisil spray pump proscar 5 mg bangkok can i miss a clomid pill grandcanyonbrewery.com amoxicillin trihydrate 500mg for sinus infection sildenafil citrate hemorrhoids lexapro generic bad is atorvastatin a form of stats parmaciboevino.com levofloxacin hemihydrate specific rotation process rate generic viagra wilbraham.com happyknits.com wellbutrin xl 900 mg cuanto cuesta el medicamento linezolid signs that clomid 150mg is working is taking baclofen while on meth safe gkminc.com westwoodhomesinc.com zyloprim vs amoxicillin what will happen if you take to cialis accademiartigianato.it can i use adderall and viagra at the same time valtrex canker sores dosage can a dog get prednisone and pepcid levaquin iv cure gonorrhea dosis levofloxacin untuk pengobatan gonore prnc.tv mylan bupropion xl300 cialis liver values normal nose side effects of lisinopril 10 mg ub.edu.pl westwoodhomesinc.com metoprolol .125. twice a day valtrex off label use why is cost of cialis going up do propranolol 40 mg work for social anxiety horners.org.uk zyprexa engorda order levaquin online no prescription how much viagra cost in south africa carlosfloresmusic.com did you gain weight coming off wellbutrin gabapentin raised body temp colchicine price india shelf life of citalopram antidepressants actos metformin 15 850 can i give my cat tapeworm pill and doxycycline flomax tablets 0.2mg pdf webbrowsers.lv deepspacesupply.com doxycycline 100mg average cost at walmart triamterene hydrochlorothiazide 37.5 waterfrontalehouse.com azithromycin z pack buy online 20mg doxycycline for staph infection atarax with or without food buy ivermectin for guinea pigs st john wort and viagra interaction marontech.com.my what is the number needed to treat for plavix what is half life of zoloft periactin generic name lopressor divitabs 200 mg olanzapine bp monograph does boots sell acyclovir anafranil foro femenino nearion.com what is comperable to bactrim and septra ciprofloxacin mzdicament gonorrhea how fast do olanzapine 2.5 work lawsuits for prednisone can i take two pills of lisinopril 20 mg buspirone hcl 15 mg side effects high cymbalta how long on market arilarotokiralama.com km-kh.com can i shoot buspirone hydrochloride cymbalta weight gain side effects how to obtain viagra on the cheap scale verapamil hcl 240 mg side effects does nifedipine work for hotflashes cheap avodart uk para q sirven las pastillas anafranil de 75mg cipro cost walmart ciprofloxacine cure ftortho.net zovirax ointment expiry date piriton doxycycline interact ciprobay 05g augmentin philippine price can gabapentin get you high 300mg 5 months abortion using cytotec huntofalifetime.org can u take seroquel right after you smoke cocaine how fast does valtrex 1gram for fever blister work quetiapine drla dosage wordsalamode.com best online generic cialis buy provera pills does albuterol raise sugar level aliikayaks.com paroxetine hcl 10 mg side effects smallprint.netzoo.net plavix and nexium is amoxicillin antibiotic good for uti how long does gabapentin actavis take to work beton-sapustasi.com propranolol 10 mg price using zofran and ativan together week 15 accutane maxalt rapitab pregnant piroxicam con metocarbamol gel what should i pay for levitra harga obat voltaren 20 gr is it imotant to take arimidex with test e cycle cialis viagra sale telmisartan drug withdrawal champion-container.com viagra manufacture in india can 6 year old girls take clonidine sleeping pills waterfrontalehouse.com redzigaismu.lv horners.org.uk prednisone dosage for 25 lb dog dr s kapur theory of quetiapine fumarate for sleep metformin alli vs orlistat tadalafil suppliers malaysia seborrhea dogs prednisone edgewaterstudio.com allegra neumeier ub.edu.pl takin fluconazole tablets durin pregnancy fungsi obat erythromycin ethylsuccinate 400 mg vpdcorp.com is 25 mg zoloft safe during pregnancy nhs the best clopidogrel zentiva or warfarin buy lexapro medicine refineyourfeel.com price of iv linezolid ciprodex shelf life fluconazole dispersable tablets 150mg haciendahotel-oldtown.com amoxicillin side effects in men cialis over the counter at walmart hyzaar 100 25 dosage meloxicam 200 mg atomoxetine purchase synthroid 200 mcg para que sirve el cytotec is clomid a form of progesterone terbinafine cat cream neurontin to taper off remeron doe topamax 25 mg get you high can i take alka seltzer and nexium sildenafil citrate price in india konposisi citalopram gratisdiscotecas.com dosage of propecia harga diovan novartis indonesia fluconazole tablet formula used for hair loss celebrex price canada can i take ibuprofen while taking acyclovir 800 mg lamisil cream 15g prices philippines three rivers health clinic pharmacy muskogee viagra topamax effect on sperm aptmetrics.com cost of wellbutrin sr at walgreens celecoxib200mg i dicaciones redzigaismu.lv buy nolvadex 10 mg furosemide 40 mg dosage menafilmfest.com camerata.com does celexa helps with moods kegunaan obat levofloxacin pdf ikoa-f.com iv solumedrol to po prednisone conversion can you take maxalt mlt with advil or aleve can i take 20mg atorvastatin with 75mg irbesartan uk cytotec mercado libre chile zyprexa 5 mg preis russianfestival.ie order citalopram uk prednisone 10mg for 7 days bupropion hcl xl can kill you do u get dizzy from lexapro cheap luvox abundantgraceandcharm.com price of azithromycin 1 tablet in india stories1st.org synthroid 90 day supply kamagra oral jelly 100mg reviews erythromycin prep available in india para que sirve el medicamento piroxicam arbest firsttimetravels.com thuoc felodipine 5 mg 1001.org can you get high off high dose zoloft combination of amoxicillin and fragile 20mg lexapro dose can lopressor cause low platelets atomoxetine and vitamin d deficiency generic cialis tadalafil 10 mg prozac high on 60mg metoprolol 4 dollar list planificationprojets.com can vitamin d cause weight gain with synthroid yellowmag.co.uk kegunaan obat zoloft sertraline segtucson.com plavix and rosacea how long does lasix last in cats verapamil hydrochloride 180 mg will 30 mg of prednisone give energy how often should i take erythromycin for sinusitis biofiredx.com cheapest citalopram online cdfeorellana.com cytotec packet what is price of finasteride cuantas pastillas cytotec debo tomar para abortar 1 mes sportcurrent.com revue-pto.com seroquel itching withdrawal thecottonfilm.com cheap propecia to buy para que es clopidogrel 75 mgs magnesium chloride and cipro is buspirone an upper or downer how much is augmentib antibiotic in ireland chloramphenicol spray kaufen viagra confidential fast prescriptions online cara pemakaian invitec misoprostol theorientalhotels.com hydroxyzine hcl 10mg and heart arrimathia reason for taking flomax 30 min after breakfast dws-xip.pl piroxicam obat apa pfizer atorvastatin recall cytotec prospect msd hk propecia promotion facebook amoxil 1 gramme amoxicillin with clonidine celibar.pl how 2 use cytotec pills 200mcg webworksandgraphics.com magnano-tech.com hand tremors pregnancy wellbutrin zoloft weight gain valacyclovir package insert tadalafil on an empty stomach tout sur atarax co25mg asylum-booksandgames.com metronidazole gulps of discharge blackisbusiness.info menafilmfest.com mifepristone and misoprostol , passing stool is it safe to take solpadol and lexapro thecottonfilm.com cara kerja obat lipitor 20 mg 365travelinsurance.com diflucan for pigeons hellolace.net viagra tablets where to buy revista 2g digital effect of fake cytotec can you take augmentin 1g for 5 days verapamil 120 er malaysia azithromycin 500mg what is tamiflu what is tamoxifen punkfiction.com mode of action of bactrim gkris.com can cipro antibiotic kerp you from sleeping steroid how much cialis cost nursing considerations for finasteride metformin solubility how long for diflucan to cure sinus infection can lexapro cause vasospasm amoxicillin 500mg side effects cymbalta cps salep voltaren emulgel dostinex 0.5 mg gabapentin and insomnia maxalt online kaufen cefixime linezolid dostinex 15mg levofloxacin tab effect on hair diflucan didn t work alternate dosage of paxil for pe prednisone headache side effect can you take acyclovir and fluconazole at same time different brand of linezolid with mrp ciprofloxacin and yaz birth control dapoxetine sildenafil citrate in india can you cut zyprexa in half side effects when starting wellbutrin for smoking amoxicillin bubblegum flavored night terrors babies does wellbutrin sr cause lower back pain where can i get xenical orlistat pill in nigeria septra dm dosages sertraline 100mg effects addictedtoallthingspretty.com dexamethasone 40 mg day lostam tamsulosina 40 mg youth prednisone 5 days 20 mg what type of implation bleeding while on clomid in urdu cytotec en que farmacias de costa rica conseguir glimepiride uk 3dciprofloxacin scan phoenix az stendhal.com johnson johnson nizoral shampoo is flagyl used to treat pancreatitis covenantofpoppies.com doxycycline with zyrtec diltiazem 180 mg price lapela tadalafil does wellbutrin with celexa weight loss efektet e kamagra baclofen 10 mg overdose edgewaterstudio.com revue-pto.com plavix and omeprazole fda camerata.com brownhousephoto.com does tamoxifen citrate cause kidney damage super cialis cheap take trazodone without food lovedrop.us bethubsportsblog.com cipro 1000 mg for chlaydia cytotec misoprostol donde las venden isotretinoin dag 8 amlodipine for opiate withdrawal paxil 5 mg crush azithromycin for wounds escitalopram in europe zoloft vs serenata estradiol 150 chrisandradeforcongress.com corral88.org nizoral 2 percent lotion how long does fluconazole 400mg stays in the body can you take bupropion if you have mitral regurgitation paxil and v sleeping pills timminsfamilycounselling.com no bleeding occur after taking misoprostol 600mcg coughing side effect of levaquin coparmex.org.mx zyvox cuidados de enfermeria cheap xenical online how does bactrim ds help respiratory problems businesscreditpro.com effect of ciprotab in early conception paxil for night sweats working out propecia

Rome's Zenit News

 Fecha: 2012-12-07

Paul Gulisano, an authoritative essayist and expert in fantasy literature, author of books on Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, G.K. Chesterton, John Henry Newman, has just published with Ancora La Mappa dello Hobbit (The Map of The Hobbit), an easy-reading but comprehensive guide to the world of Tolkien, that comes with a map of Middle-earth created by the artist Elena Vanin, which will delight many fans of the fantasy genre.

ZENIT met with Prof. Gulisano in Messina, at the Hobbit Marathon organized by the Cultural Association Terremoti di Carta, and interviewed him.

--- --- ---

ZENIT: The Hobbit: a "prequel" to The Lord of the Rings, a children's fairy tale, or a minor work of the great Tolkien?

Paul Gulisano: This story is much more than a prequel to the Lord of the Rings, as many of the newer readers - or viewers - may think. It isn't a story - as instead many prequels are - to explain a posteriori the antecedents, secrets, and mysteries of a work... The story of the adventures of Bilbo Baggins and other characters familiar to readers of the Ring saga, such as Gandalf, Gollum, Elrond, dwarves and elves, sprung from Tolkein's imagination long before the events of the War of the Ring were imagined. In fact, the Lord of the Rings was conceived as a continuation of The Hobbit, and for a long time, in the correspondence that passed between Tolkien and his publisher, the book in the making was called "the new Hobbit".

"In a hole in the ground there lived a Hobbit." This strange phrase suddenly came to mind of the young professor on a hot summer afternoon, at his home in Oxford, while he was correcting papers for university admission. One of the examinees had left his English literature essay blank, and Professor Tolkien, on a mysterious inspiration, wrote the sentence on that blank sheet of paper. A name was born, Hobbit, and soon after the name would become a character, the most original creature of the vast fantasy world of the most brilliant writer of Imaginative Literature. Without that funny character, the Hobbit, it is likely that the entire fantastic universe that Tolkien later worked on for years would never have seen publication.

ZENIT: You write in your essay that the book was born not only from the author's erudite knowledge of myths and ancient legends, but also from his experience as a father...

Gulisano: Exactly. Tolkien told his four children stories about zany characters: Mr. Bliss, the dog Roverandom, and finally, fairy tales where brave young protagonists, like the Hobbit, fought against evil. It is certain that writer initially intended the story to be a children's fairy tale, told in a conversational tone in which the narrator addresses the little readers, urging them to venture themselves into the story. Over the course of several years of the book's preparation, however, the story was progressively enriched with the contents of Tolkien's Legendarium.

It was a story with an ancient flavour, in which you could hear the echo of ancient legends, and what's more, enriched with a pleasant kind of joy that a few years before Gilbert Chesterton had complained was the great absence from modern fiction: "In its essence, contemporary literature is almost totally devoid of joyful elements. And I think it's fair to say, generally speaking, that it isn't childish enough to be joyful." Tolkien possessed this childlike spirit, understood not as childishness, but as the ability to look at reality with the eyes of a child, full of questions and wonder. 

ZENIT: Is The Hobbit, too, like The Lord of the Rings, full of Christian symbolism?

Gulisano: In The Hobbit there appears for the first time the major theme of renunciation, of sacrifice, that for Tolkien was one of the greatest virtues, one of the highest forms of heroism, a theme that would be developed in depth in The Lord of the Rings. The renunciation of possessing something, not out of masochism, nor to have "less", but to gain "something more" in humanity and virtue. Bilbo Baggins of the Shire is a testimony of how we can become heroes, even if we're not big and strong, even if we don't belong to an elite, by facing the challenges that life puts in front us, no matter how insurmountable they may seem.

The adventure he had lived had also taught him that great undertakings are not the work of a lone hero, but of a group. Friendship was to Tolkien one of the most important sentiments in life, and so his characters, too, cultivate it with passion. Enjoying each other's company is one of the most rewarding things. It is the sharing of interests, feelings, and even events. It is fraternal correction, and maybe recalling one to the essentials, as when, at the end of the story, recalling the adventures spent together, Gandalf reminds Bilbo of his limits, after having appreciated all his merits: "'You're a very fine person, Mr. Baggins, and I'm very fond of you, but you're only quite a little fellow in a wide world after all!' 'Thank goodness!', said Bilbo laughing."

ZENIT: Your latest work is The Map of The Hobbit: what is it about?

Gulisano: For many years I have been working on Tolkien: I read it and reread it, I write about it, I talk about it, but mostly I notice that Tolkien's work is an inexhaustible mine. Tolkien is a teacher who never ceases to teach, and his world continues to be for me a point of reference, a cozy house in which to take refuge in the vicissitudes of life. There is still much to say, to discover, to highlight in his pages. So I thought it would be nice to give his readers, those who for years have been traversing the worlds created by our beloved Professor, as well as those who are discovering it only today, this sort of "travel diary" in the world of The Hobbit.

A guide, a map, in fact. It was an old project that I had been nourishing for years, ever since I did a similar work for the worlds of the Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion. So I dreamed of completing this, my own trilogy, and when I got the chance to meet Elena Vanin, an extraordinary artist, well known in the fantasy world for having created the latex elf ears ("Neraluna") that every fan wants to wear, and saw the sacred fire of Art shining in her eyes, I realized that it was feasible. And so here we are with this new effort, The Map of The Hobbit (Ancora Publishing), a more "map-like" book, which we hope will be appreciated by all the readers of Tolkien's world and by those who want to know more about it.

Most Popular