wigardenexpo.com topiramate toxic buildup haltner.com kegunaan obat glucophage xr metformin hcl zyban 150 mg 60 tb buy strattera from canada sertraline 100mg reviews for agoraphobia does levitra lower blood pressure heartsdirect.co.uk what if i take 2 cialis 5 mg generic alendronate can taking inderal cause coughing is clonidine 0.1 mg a controlled substance adas-israel.org viagra for uk askthevet.com voltaren gel 60 g cena doxycycline antibiotics stop ovulation cheap dapoxetine sertraline and itchy palms serum sickness azithromycin what is biotech ciprofloxacin generic levitra at discount prices finasteride gastrointestinal cymbalta 60 mg to 30 mg haltner.com lisinopril stada 10mg side effect lioresal costo avophotonics.com can amoxicillin trihydrate capsules be opened numb topamax cheeks cymbalta zovirax cream for malloscum cont piroxicam hemorroides can you vitamin d3 with metoprolol er 100 mg albuterol withdrawal symptoms buea.net cosa servono i voltaren resinat nightanddaysoireeanimation.com wrse-modelling.org.uk how does rivotril affect wellbutrin use adas-israel.org 10mg levitra reviews glenns.org do they have clomid in graceland pharmacy in cape town despereaux desogestrel 75 micrograms can bactrim csuse candids prednisone and omoxycilan taken at same tome for cats does anyone take propranolol and gaba hopemedicalinstitute.org online flagyl purchase revista 4 rodas kamerscuracao.net wpmodder.com clomid 50mg price australia es normal sentir dolor despues de haber tomado cytotec buspar reviews weight gain flagyl forte 500mg untuk citalopram 20 mg vs lexapro 10 mg mrw-2012.pl can augmentin stop a woman from getting prt phenergan 10mg for babies below 6 month generic acyclovir online can you take vicodin with carvedilol azithromycin 1g for staph treatment can you sleepwalk from taking hydroxyzine how long does 100mg of sertraline take to last meloxicam 15mg price per pill buy etodolac online inasweets.com fingras orlistat lo recomienda el doctor cormillod laramara.org.br anyone use ibuprofen with buspar escitalopram brand names in pakistan arimidex every day on test 400 cycle buspar causing blurred vision how to reduce lexapro 5 mg withdrawal symptoms esoxhunter.com how many days side effect of levofloxacin subside red bull citalopram can i buy synthroid online gieltys.com afsvc.com can cortisone injections celebrex be used together afsvc.com la cytotec sirve a las 7 semanas para abortar cat prednisone side effects purchase anti candida medication diflucan australia gophercount.com generic accutane isotretinoin capsule cozaar comp blood pressure mrw-2012.pl septrin plus metronidazole diverticulitis michaelgahler.de tetracycline capsules i.p do fluconazole tablets work for jock itch how do you know if cialis is working aliikayaks.com prozac 20 mg cost avophotonics.com can i drink alcohol while taking biotech ciprofloxacin weight gain medroxyprogesterone hox to use vigora spray for duration erection napahappy.com side effects of augmentin costo prometrium 200 does amoxicillin makes active menstruation cycle hashtonim.com buspar 60 mg side effects ciprofloxacin hcl side effects: fatigue what happens if you take cialis with wine generic viagra next day shipping globaldealercentre.com 12 generic sildenafil viagra trentacular.com curcumin vs atorvastatin calcium latest update can thyroxine increase ldl warchiwach.pl tetracycline side effects in poultry hashtonim.com street value of bupropion 75 mg azithromycin 1000 mg single dose can u use lamisil to treat a yeast diaper rash how long do side effects of azithromycin last can u get high on buspirone lexapro generic anxiety can u get high off remeron 15 mg cymbalta and escitalopram combination side effects cardura xl price buy zithromax powder montelukast sodium hair loss propranolol hydrochloride 10mg recreational use side effect of climax dexamethasone estradiol 27 how many escitalopram 10mg will kill me nursing considerations cipro can you snort furosemide amlodipine 0.625 mg for sale warfarin cost cost zyvox medication nightanddaysoireeanimation.com olanzapine can be drink together with neoblock tablet zyban rezeptfrei online kaufen doxycycline for sale online uk verapamil 240 mg 24 hour nightanddaysoireeanimation.com remedio orlistatcuanto cuesta flagyl 500mg iv peso price viagra 100 free shipping prednisone pak 12 day dosepack directions atorvastatin first marketed in bangladesh does it work azithromycin tablets usp 250mg naproxene effect on thyroxine uptake entropicity.com buy cialis uk next day delivery cytotec molidas chloramphenicol eye drops over counter uk vapplica.org amoxicillin 500mg used for sinus infections zenegra sildenafil 50 mg kisa use kara lexapro 20 mg tablets stoped ovulating on clomid isotretinoin tablets mg available in india nizoral 2 percent vs 1 percent escitalopram ingredients 200mg zoloft after pregnancyy sinequan bijsluiter cialis online canadian online orlistat uk buy bactrim and urinary retention adas-israel.org catholic.net azithromycin hearing loss side effects sustituto del viagra ciproglen 500 effets secondaires jittery side effects ciprofloxacin 500mg periactin pills uk diltiazem cream storage temperature canada esomeprazole dogmail.com coreg mg sinequanone buy canada cialis over counter generic diovan availability 6 months pregnant and taking valacyclovir hcl 1 can you take augmentin with hydrocodone what does walmart charge for generic levitra misoprostol de laboratorios sierra warchiwach.pl entropicity.com celexa side effects liver enzymes amiodarone 0.5 mg min long term side effects of using cytotec and fibroids can i take amoxil with deralin wpmodder.com cipro 500mg bid plendil 2 5 mg can i take excedrin with zoloft kelebihan amoxilin losing weight after stopping celexa aliikayaks.com hashtonim.com tamoxifen australian customs lisinopril suicide dose clopidogrel sydogrel nizoral shampoo discontinued ic buspirone hcl 10 mg kamerscuracao.net dr.mercola and prednisone treatment how does prednisone help dogs with hives azithromycin buy online no prescription uk does bactrim kill lice in nose plavix price canada what happens when a woman takes viagra in urdu how long does it take to get ciprofloxacin hcl sertraline 30 mg interaction of methotrexate with glucophage lisinopril hctz 20 12.5 linezolid price nhs vapplica.org atarax fa ingrassare cialis not working for me heartsdirect.co.uk where can i buy dapoxetine prednisone 10mg pack 21 direction polyuria is contraindication for furosemide hashtonim.com cialis 6000 amoxicillin take week to work for acne cost of metformin in mexico flagyl 400 good for piles cytotec forms available in saudi arabia lesbians in celebrex commercials gardenplanters.com will 50 mgs of zoloft affect libido nexium 24hr cosco superstore dog on prednisone shaking nausea vomiting for what is fluconazole 200g used for toenail fungus cheap propecia online uk meastcompany.com baby amoxicillin expiration date antibiotics haltner.com google cara minum lipitor mebletmd.pl mag kano ang cytotec sa quiapo amitriptyline 50 mg uses nightanddaysoireeanimation.com misoprostol crossing placenta wigardenexpo.com metoprolol succinate in lactation diflucan 150 mg safe second trimester generic drug for glucophage tetracycline 500mg for sale can septra for mrsa cause optic neuropathy clomid 50mg success rates twins what drug reverse the effects of digoxin glimepiride 1 mg side effects buy cheap generic viagra professional how many months before clomid was successful salt gabapentin use for which disease wigardenexpo.com buy tamoxifen citrate research chemicals order viagra in canada dapoxetine for sale online effects of taking mdma with lisinopril how much is nexium otc at walmart graffiti-taxonomy.com augmentin bd kamagra oral jelly rsa fluconazole dosage for cheilitis kegunaan tablet captopril 25mg para q es 5mg d zyprexa atarax 25 posologie free amoxicillin 500mg for pregnant women piroxicam costo can three grams of amoxicillin cure chlamydia how long can prednisone help my dog with a brain tumor wigardenexpo.com smith-jennings.com buspirone side effects how long do they last catholic.net ondansetron hcl 4 mg tablet for dogs coumadin shots danazol 200 mg price glimepiride 6 mg tablets warchiwach.pl zestril generic equivalent prednisone for dogs benefits help with buying plavix alternatives to prednisone is it safe to take mucinex dm with plavix 75mg stopping metoprolol 25 mg 200 mg de misoprostol puede matar a un feto levo vs augmentin wigardenexpo.com can you get high if you snort amitriptyline what color is albuterol liquid amoxicillin and prednisolone shelf life cyproheptadine tablets manfaat obat meloxicam 15 mg can i use diclofenac tablets with amoxil capsules warchiwach.pl price of levitra at sams club metronidazole cheap price fluconazole tablet 150 mg in pregnancy safe finasteride withdrawal ponstan forte and flagyl montelukast cost ibizaglobalradio.com hold metformin for mri 875 mg of amoxicillin twice a day treatment ibizaglobalradio.com best elixir flavor for augmentin efek samping setelah minum 1 tablet cytotec feline interstitial cystitis prednisone dosage cats hashtonim.com are lamisil tablets over the counter average cost of amoxicillin without insurance does metronidazole counteract miconazole atarax 50 mg side effects zofran and methadone drug interactions does doxycycline interfer with sleepiness tome cytotec y no funciono puedo volver a tomar where cam i find cialis on the streets of charlotte nc finasteride apr??s 40 ans haltner.com lipitor price malaysia en cusco en que farmacia puedo comprar cytotec atenolol dosage 10 mg what is torsemide 20 mg used for wpmodder.com get high off baclofen how much needed thinkindia.co.uk cheap mifepristone and misoprostol metoprolol contre indication how will strattera 60 mg make me feel tamoxifen eg 20 mg propecia rich foods askthevet.com nightanddaysoireeanimation.com anastrozole price in the philippines misoprostol online usa amoxicillin 500mg 3 times a day side effects clomid online order wigardenexpo.com azithromycin how fast does it work bactrim dose 960 singulair 10mg tablets dosage where i can buy metronidazole cream in the phillipines cipro para mi perro viagra and generic numero de donde conseguir cytotec en veracruz erythromycin cat oral funsi dexamethasone kamerscuracao.net mildreddeskinsjewelry.com can i take metoprolol and cialis at the sametime kontra indikasi levofloxacin erectile dysfunction treatment expense in nepal mrw-2012.pl can u take seroquel right after you smoke cocaine esoxhunter.com cefexine erythromycin effects the sperm count or not montelukast presentaciones en venezuela 100 mg prednisone side effects cheap amaryl mrw-2012.pl skitawatinawvalley.com during period use tablet clomid best conceiving days are any lisinopril pills white with the number 20 on it 20 mg accutane first days initial breakout mambo 36 tadalafil 20 mg can i take zofran with cipro hashtonim.com zithromax for 9 month old levitra 40 mg bayer wigardenexpo.com en nicaragua venden la mifepristona y misoprostol buy flagyl online 500 mg dosage instruction on prednisone 120 mg propranolol for anxiety bactrim compositum 200mg discount order viagra zyprexa low dose 5 mg glucophage without food epekto ng diet pills wellbutrin 800 mg what can zithromax treat 250mg inbox-victory.com ibuprofen vs naproxen does liquid zithromax need to be refrigerated ibizaglobalradio.com oxido nitrico viagra propranolol hydrochloride 40 mg on the streets 1000 mg cipro a day entropicity.com levothyroxine sandoz kidneys esoxhunter.com licodexon dexamethasone untuk prednisone 48 pack used for oral metronidazole and breast feeding michaelgahler.de centrecomparis.com is lamisil cream effective for toenail fungus prednisone 6 days lower back pain wpmodder.com uti amoxicillin 500 mg esoxhunter.com what is ic prednisone 20 mg used for iv antibiotic amoxicillian reaction mebletmd.pl decadron 10 mg im kamerscuracao.net para que es cyproheptadine 2mg yperiactin 2mg side effects of taking carvedilol with buspirone hcl gambar nizoral obat keputihan how long until azithromycin starts working on copd manfaat farizol metronidazole levofloxacin cause chills is synthroid 25 mcg safe during breastfeeding diflucan 1 dose for candida use of prednisone for dogs buspirone hcl 5mg breastfeeding generic nolvadex nizoral for prostate yeast when do rash occur when taking amoxicillin can you get high on pentazine with codeine doxycycline hyclate for diverticulitis do people sell atarax on the streets 30 amiodarone hcl tablet 200 mg when will famciclovir price drop wpmodder.com can metronidazole 250mg tablets induce abortion ibizaglobalradio.com nightanddaysoireeanimation.com happydeal4u.com metoprolol cvs price google singulair adderall xr with cialis prednisone 20mg price inbox-victory.com uses of sandoz r azithromycin 500 withdrawal symptoms of reinin 100mg gabapentin will citalopram mess u up perbedaan misoprostol gastrul asli dan palsu globaldealercentre.com why take atorvastatin calcium tablets at bedtime citalopram 20 mg reviews para que sirve misoprostol servimedic what happens when you have viagra smith-jennings.com bupropionhcl 150mg is it the same as chantex how many hours apart to take fluconazole twice a day buy synthroid mexico flagyl generic availability aliikayaks.com zithromax 250 mg cannabis and viagra what does naproxen sell for gardenplanters.com wellbutrin celexa combination price kamagra 100 mg all-html.net can i take erythromycin with zopiclone mebletmd.pl deltasone liquid heartsdirect.co.uk refit orlistat diet pills synthroid price increase metronidazole 500mg tablets dogs side effects smith-jennings.com alendronate sodium price comparison arimidex czy tamoxifen gabapentin precaution discount coupons for montelukast sodium tamoxifen 2d6 genotyping haltner.com brand name of indomethacin gel viagra super can i buy doxycycline over the counter in sacramento flagyl tablets for racing pigeons mango and warfarin uk natural source of sildenafil citrate melting point diet supplement adas-israel.org aquarium.net cpt code lasix iv how many days in a row is it safe to take levitra reducing clomid dosage while taking xenical 80 mg sildenafil citrate 50g can provera 10 reverse the effects of depo provera shot does famvir affect birth control femara 5 mg pcos can zoloft and melatonin together cause anxiety wpmodder.com diflucan aka fluconazole or nizoral aka ketaconazole. mylan naproxen for my dog citalopram 93 4741 globaldealercentre.com prednisone 10mg for poison ivy

Rome's Zenit News

 Fecha: 2012-10-04

By Elizabeth Lev

ROME, OCT. 5, 2012 (Zenit.org).-Roman autumn rolled in with a lively debate over the Sistine Chapel. As high season reaches its climax, and crowds push visitors, guides and custodial staff to their breaking point, it seems more than natural that the question of limiting the visitors to the Chapel return to public scrutiny.

On September 27, Italian writer and intellectual Pietro Citati penned a brief-yet-scathing report from the Vatican trenches in the daily paper Corriere della Sera. Describing the tourists as “drunken herds”, he painted a picture as unappealing as Michelangelo’s are inspirational. He saw visitors encompassed in clouds of their own breath, sweat and scent, which were occasionally stirred by the loud calls for “silence” or “no photos” by the custodians. During his visit, Dr. Citati saw little beyond his surroundings and believes that the tourists who ruined his experience viewed less than he.

His solution? Limiting the number of visitor by a fourth or fifth of the total influx. With an average daily presence of 20,000 in high season, that means cutting out four or five thousand people a day.

Furthermore Citati expresses sympathy with the financial straits of the Vatican implying that the museums allow these vast hordes merely to fill the papal coffers. With a final rhetorical flourish, he states that the limiting of visitors is a "necessary good for all Christians".

Professor Antonio Paolucci, Director of the Museums, was quick to respond. The following day, he wrote a short riposte in the Osservatore Romano, explaining that limiting the visitors to the Vatican Museums would be like “limiting the pilgrims to Lourdes or San Giovanni Rotundo”.  He explained that the Sistine chapel is a "compendium of theology or catechism in pictures". Who should be excluded from learning about God?

Dr. Citati’s argument is not new. Every year, the more crowds arrive, the more people start talking about limiting visitors. The late Robert Hughes, art historian and cultural commentator reserved a significant section of his final oeuvre "Rome" to lamenting the administration of the Sistine chapel and the mass tourism it embraces.

This little discussion went global when it was picked up by several new outlets including the UK Guardian. While the occasional Italian intellectual notes that the Sistine chapel is not the place he remembers from his youth, (nothing in Italy is) Anglo Saxons tend to champion the idea of a limited number more than anyone else.

Of course in the same article, author Tom Kington’s thumbnail description of the Sistine chapel, limits itself say that it "is dominated at one end by The Last Judgment, which Michelangelo filled with nude males reportedly inspired by his visits to Rome's brothels."

If the Vatican Museums is going to limit visitors, I have a suggestion of whom to start with…

Civtati, Hughes,and virtually every other proponent of limiting the Sistine chapel visitors follows the same train of thought. He or she went to go meditate in the Sistine chapel, armed with better instruction on the art and circumstance of the frescos than most, and with a greater sense of devotion to the artistic achievement of Michelangelo. The expected contemplation was disturbed by the lines, waits, crowds and noise, all produced by people who did not appreciate the works in the same way. Then afterwards comes the argument, “wouldn’t it be better for the painting if there were fewer people?”

Professor Paolucci is keenly aware of the stress and contamination the Sistine chapel endures. He began to address the problem from the moment he became director of the Museums in 2007, hiring more custodians and developing routes to slow down the visitors who try to race to the Sistine.

His reforms have been too successful; the reservation system streamlined the process of entry, the openness of the Vatican Museums to allow filming and the many books he has published had increased interest in the work of Michelangelo. In any other “company,” anyone who revitalized interest in a 500-year-old product would be hailed as a genius, but Prof. Paolucci, referred to with the odd term of “manager” in the Guardian article (would anyone really call Thomas P. Campbell , director of the Metropolitan Museum of art, a manager???) seems to simply be dismissed as the milker of the Vatican cash cow.

Having seen the slight frame of 73-year old paolucci, in his over-size jackets, walking through the halls of the museums during the most crowded hours of the most chaotic days, elbow to elbow with scruffiest tourist, I am certain he knows both his museum and its crowds.

Custodians do not beat a path for him amid the press of people; he walks, stopping occasionally to contemplate a work despite the din and an intermittent jostle.

Long before Citati and Hughes leapt to the defense of the Sistine chapel, Paolucci was already at work. In September 2010, the Director of the museums was facing the new dangers threatening the chapel. For five hundred years it had been filled with candles and oil lamps which had darkened the frescoes until the miraculous restoration under Blessed Pope John Paul II, today it was threatened by the heat, fibers, dust and particles emitted by its millions of visitors.

Paolucci however, displays a confidence in science and technology that the Vatican is rarely credited for, as well as some good old common sense. Besides sensors installed during 2011 to collect data regarding the atmospheric situation of the chapel and an analysis of the existing filtering and air conditioning systems, he also began evening opening of the Museums, to drain off some of the day visitors and especially to give Romans and the intellectual heirs of the grand tourists of the Enlightenment a chance to see that art in the same way their predecessors Goethe and Burckhardt did, in peace and quiet.

The Sistine chapel was originally built as one of the most elite spaces in the word, housing the papal court of Sixtus IV which totaled about 350 people. The court of Julius II, who ordered Michelangelo to paint the ceiling from 1508-1512, swelled to about 500, but compared to the five million visitors last year…

The decoration was purchased from Italy’s finest artists, but gradually the papacy realized that confining this extraordinary wellspring of beauty to a few elite was not the best face the Church had to offer; gradually more and more people were allowed in until the present day of mass travel presented a new series of challenges.

The diverse languages and costumes, manners and mores that gather in the chapel is a testimony to the Universality of the Church. The myriad interpretations tell us that many, many people have look up in that vault and seen themselves reflected in Michelangelo’s art. How can one limit the great potential of that “theological compendium?”

How would one discern who should go in and who should stay out? Would it require a college degree, a baptismal certificate? Would volunteers in relief shelters be favored over inner-city school teachers? Would it allow Italians by right and exclude nations without diplomatic relations with the Holy See? How would a church, which came into being promising salvation to all, explain its criterion to enter the greatest salvation sequence ever painted?

Perhaps we would weed out those “drunken herds” following paddles and beribboned antennae, ears plugged by headsets and eyes shielded by camera lenses. Yet how are we to know that the colors and intensity of Michelangelo’s painting won’t penetrate those blinders and open another soul to the beauty of Truth?

The obvious criterion would be a limited number of tickets available, but that would inevitably weed out the poorer, who cannot afford the extra reservation fee or the worse yet the racket that would spring up to sell the unattainable Vatican ticket. The critics of the over-crowding consider beauty a right, part of the western legacy and meant to be enjoyed by those who are accustomed to it. I wonder about the millions who live with very little beauty, who do not enjoy the amenities of our aesthetic choices for our clothes and homes, or where we dine, stroll or pray. Perhaps the most just criterion would be to favor those who rarely see the beauty, hope and the glory of man as the image and likenes of God.

There is obviously much to do and the Vatican Museums are studying a new ventilation system to be put in place in 2013 as another step to protect the painting. In the meantime, perhaps instead of waiting for the Vatican to “do something” we tourists could start with a few small steps.

1.      Try coming at a less predictable hour, or time of year. May through October is high season. Choosing a less busy time of year or even later in the day, takes the burden off you and reduces the crowding in the Sistine. If you want to visit for just two hours or less, come at 3:30-3:45pm and the museum stays open until 6:00pm

2.      Keep it down. If you a screaming in the Pope’s private chapel, that should be a sign there is a problem. The Sistine requests silence, but if you want to speak, try to do so in a low tone so the Sistine noise remains at a pleasant soft murmur as opposed to a football game. Noise vibration is also bad for fresco.

3.      Put the camera away. The flash photography is BAD for the painting. The custodians, who are always blamed for anarchy in the Sistine chapel, are exhausted from a day starting at 8 of telling visitors nicely to not take pictures, only to see you sneaking off in a corner as if you were cleverer than anyone else. They’ve seen it before, and you just look silly and dishonest. If you can’t look at the ceiling without a lens in front of your face, perhaps you should leave, buy a picture book, and relinquish the space for someone who wants to look at the frescos instead of a tv screen

4.      Visit other parts of the museums. It is three and half miles! It has a collection of papal carriages, Raphael paintings, early Christian art and Etruscan artifacts, just for starters! If you are on vacation, you have time, go see what the museums have to offer!

The Sistine chapel is the patrimony of all humanity, one of the highest examples of where man’s skill and creativity meet faith. Pope Benedict XVI trusts the director to do his job and understand the unique mission of the museums, perhaps we too can muster a little faith and offer a little cooperation.

* * *

Elizabeth Lev teaches Christian art and architecture at Duquesne University’s Italian campus and University of St. Thomas’ Catholic Studies program. Her new book, “The Tigress of Forlì: Renaissance Italy's Most Courageous and Notorious Countess, Caterina Riario Sforza de' Medici” was published by Harcourt, Mifflin Houghton Press this Fall.  She can be reached atlizlev@zenit.org

Most Popular