Our Lady of the Rosary; St Artaldus
by americancatholic.org | Source: americancatholic.org
Our Lady of the Rosary
St. Pius V established this feast in 1573. The purpose was to thank God for the victory of
Christians over the Turks at Lepanto—a victory attributed to the praying of the rosary. Clement XI
extended the feast to the universal Church in 1716.
development of the rosary has a long history. First, a practice developed of praying 150 Our Fathers
in imitation of the 150 Psalms. Then there was a parallel practice of praying 150 Hail Marys. Soon a
mystery of Jesus' life was attached to each Hail Mary. Though Mary's giving the rosary to St.
Dominic is recognized as a legend, the development of this prayer form owes much to the followers of
St. Dominic. One of them, Alan de la Roche, was known as "the apostle of the rosary." He founded the
first Confraternity of the Rosary in the 15th century. In the 16th century the rosary was developed
to its present form—with the 15 mysteries (joyful, sorrowful and glorious). In 2002, Pope John Paul
II added the Mysteries of Light to this devotion.
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