St Jeanne Jugan
Born in northern France
during the French Revolution—a time when congregations of women and men religious were being
suppressed by the national government, Jeanne would eventually be highly praised in the French
academy for her community´s compassionate care of elderly poor people.
When Jeanne was three
and a half years old, her father, a fisherman, was lost at sea. Her widowed mother was hard pressed
to raise her eight children (four died young) alone. At the age of 15 or 16, Jeanne became a kitchen
maid for a family that not only cared for its own members, but also served poor, elderly people
nearby. Ten years later, Jeanne became a nurse at the hospital in Le Rosais. Soon thereafter she
joined a third order group founded by St. John Eudes (August 19).
After six years she became
a servant and friend of a woman she met through the third order. They prayed, visited the poor and
taught catechism to children. After her friend´s death, Jeanne and two other women continued a
similar life in the city of Saint-Sevran. In 1839, they brought in their first permanent guest. They
began an association, received more members and more guests. Mother Marie of the Cross, as Jeanne
was now known, founded six more houses for the elderly by the end of 1849, all staffed by members of
her association—the Little Sisters of the Poor. By 1853 the association numbered 500 and had houses
as far away as England.
Abbé Le Pailleur, a chaplain, had prevented Jeanne´s reelection as
superior in 1843; nine year later, he had her assigned to duties within the congregation, but would
not allow her to be recognized as its founder. He was removed from office by the Holy See in 1890.
By the time Pope Leo XIII gave her final approval to the community´s constitutions in 1879,
there were 2,400 Little Sisters of the Poor. Jeanne died later that same year, on August 30. Her
cause was introduced in Rome in 1970, and she was beatified in 1982 and canonized in 2009.
In his homily at the beatification Mass, Pope John Paul II praised "the
quiet but eloquent radiance of her life." He continued: "In our day, pride, the pursuit of efficacy,
the temptation to use power all run rampant in the world, and sometimes, unfortunately, even in
the Church. They become an obstacle to the coming of the Kingdom of God. This is why the
spirituality of Jeanne Jugan can attract the followers of Christ and fill their hearts with
simplicity and humility, with hope and evangelical joy, having their source in God and in
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