cytotec comprimido 200mcg misoprostol pfizer via oral citalopram 6 months is amoxicillin for dogs the same as for humans kamagra pineapple 7 renk tat glimepiride tablets usp 4 mg dosage of levofloxacin in uti in europe bactrim and pseudomonas skin infection amoxicillin 500mg dosage per day lexapro tabl. fish oil capsules and diltiazem hcl gengivite augmentin senza ricetta prezzo voltaren t ica can i give my dog amoxicillin 400 mg long term side effect of propranolol for migraines g.e. medroxyprogesterone estradiol 1 mg tab side effects fluconazole australia bactrim ds 800 160 for uti length of time to take flagyl buy dogs tamoxifen and exhausation kegunaan obat cardura xl 5 mg coupon nexium 40 mg buy flomaxtra online does higher dose of mirtazapine make you more anxious atenolol 50 mg para que sirve prednisone for dogs without prescription does diflucan treat cold sores propecia 0.25 mg results chronic use of ciprodex diflucan when will it work cuando comienza hacer efecto que es el misoprostol spider bite spain antibiotic dexamethasone 4mg ml vial premarin mg why does albuterol cause hypokalemia bagaimana cara pakai flagyl metrodinazol does 20 mg of cialis work better than 10mg augmentin e zerinol over the counter metformin description of viagra pill meloxicam 75 mg isinya apa u apa what is the price of misoprostol in kolkata 3mg stromectol lasts for can you cut in half 20mg tadalafil soft tablets cipro denk 500 side effects where priligy available in india augmentin 375 price tabmontelukast indications can you shoot gabapentin 100mg and get high atarax 75 vidal one gram of antibiotic buy online lenght of time to take ciprofloxacin citalopram hydrobromide 20 mg high flagyl antibiotic over the counter augmentin bustine prezzo is cipla prednisone steroids which inhaler is least expensive proventil or albuteral buspirone m b3 555 side effects of albuterol inhaler in dogs bactrim side effects wear off zoloft premature ejaculation dose 100mg plavix 894 60 metformin buy kamagra online uk next day delivery dosage calculations for synthroid vs armour baguskah isotretinoin australia nitroglycerin lingual spray .4 mg walmart benazepril hydrocloride canada what does 500 mg amoxicillin treat levothyroxine vs retention d eau augmentin dosage australia harga ondansetron tablet 4 mg metformin efectos secundarios sildenafil online kaufen singulair 4 mg can u give too a dog poxet 60mg dapoxetine 10 tabliet naprosyn 750 dosage erythromycin and cetirizine taken together kegunaan obat captopril dan ranitidin taking buspar for gastroparesis montelukast cost in uk cyproheptidine 4 mg for pets without a prescription who makes generic wellbutrin xl azithromycin canada pharmacy valacyclovir hcl 800 mg can you take viagra with afib fexofenadine 180 mg para que sirve montelukast can treat gerd can i buy antibiotics over the counter in hawaii flomax bambini 400 mg supposte 300 mg citalopram overdose can i take amoxicillin 4 hours after taking dayquil 80mg of paxil for panic attacks dapoxetine trade name in germany metronidazole flagyl every eight hours long term side effects of prednisone how long does nausea last after finishing levaquin manufacturer of generic singulair cheap zyban australia levothyroxine price rite aid where to buy antibiotic in singapore ukmi doxazosin silodosin vs tamsulosin price xm radio viagra commercial if a person take methadone with buspirone hcl 15mg buy warfarin rat poison extreme sweating between legs at night duloxetine indomethacin 50 mg for withdraw decadron 6 day dose pack does 80mg of paxil effect the liver what is metronidazole 100 mg pills side effects in cats trazodone 100 mg tab falcon ciprodex hard soft viagra paroxetine take 10 twice a day what does it do premarin pills for sale atomoxetine effect gadolinium metformin can i use ketoconazole shampoo on my one month old baby lexapro 10 mg common side effects will metronidazole mess up my contraceptive shot warfarin level 4.5 sertraline 75 mg to 100mg cipro vs cumadin break prednisone in syllables sildenafil used for edd viagra stockists capetown flomax mr 30 kaps??l side effect of fluoxetine in premature ejaculation glucophage xr for sale colchicine buy online uk fluconazole dosage for yeast infection 3 days can i take erythromycin es 400 during pregnancy where can i buy misoprostol and mifepristone in uganda over the counter acyclovir prednisone 100 mg for 5 days can extenze be used with cialis nizoral shampoo price increase newe effekte van fluconazole 200 mg does montelukast 5mg help sinus toprol 50 mgs vs tenormin 50 mgs ssri citalopram jitters thuoc augmentin 0.5g fungsi dari obat danazol role du ciprofloxacin 500 mg diltiazem cost manfaat paroxetine paxil indomethacin gelule indication cyst on testicle tablets can i take ciprofloxacin cialis antidote fluconazole tablet i.p 150mg why r u use is deprovera effective after 12 days doxycycline hyclate and alcohol consumption biotech ciprofloxacin 250 will 20 mg of sildenafil help with ed walmart price erythromycin 250 mg como actua el cytotec 200 mcg can you buy antibiotics over the counter frace cialis 20 mg tablets withdrawal from prednisone after 5 days generic cialis fda approved para que sirve el ciprofloxacin 0.3 canada cialis 5mg glass of wine with sertraline glutathione prednisone pemphigus vulgaris celexa in third trimester of pregnancy flomax shoulder pain rizatriptan odt price generic augmentin suspension norvasc 5 mg dose elderly patients ketoconazole cures sebaceous hyperplasia amoral amoxicillin 1g what is ivermectin 3mg cialis online no prescription canadian pharmacy is it safe to take passion flower prozac and adderall sildenafil citrate 100mg generic pay with paypal schedule for taking antibiotics every 8 hours buy propecia finasteride australia gabapentin 100mg neurontin informacion en espanol management of common adverse effects of furosemide phenergan with codeine 75mg flomax .4 mg side effects clomid with birth control pills side effects gettting off plavix and going to aspirin can i take 20mg cialis two days in a row seroquel delirium fir icu psychosis zyprexa 30 mg tablet dapoxetine online purchase in india price nizoral ketoconazole shampoo acyclovir 400 mg tablet price torsemide 5 mg la thuoc gi inderal la80mg propranolol hcl how long does it take fluconazole to work in ta body atorvastatin street value erythromycin ophthalmic ointment uses ear skin metronidazole benzoate oral suspension image klonopin and ciprofloxacin is amoxil beecham safe in pregnancy get viagra prescription now amoxicillin 875 side effects syrup danazol 100 diflucan 4 dollar list etodolac 400 mg prices evista 6o mg how much is a prescription of doxycycline best time of day to take celebrex prednisone cost without insurance cvs doxycycline with paypal metoprolol 100 mg sirve para abortar levitra purchase online why do you have to wean off of 300 mg of neurontin fluconazole mrsa seroquel value 50 40mg provera qualitest lisinopril 20 mg lopressor 25 mg price where to buy isotretinoin gel druge interactionwith metoprolol 25 mg and hydrocodone does fluconazole work on men actos online can you fall pregnant when using metronidazole tablets prednisone 20mg drinking alcohol kids can take azithromycin 4 years old ampicillin 250mg how long till bactrim works oral cytotec at 10 weeks how to make cialis recipe metronidazole translate indonesia azithromycin cost in india plavix and ppi olmesartan price albuterol sulfate inhaler coupons dutasteride for hair growth side effects in teens carvedilol 25 mg tablet missing dose of prednisone gabapentin recreational side effects septra ds lice paroxetine 10mg street value levofloxacin vs augmentin how clomid help you twins sertraline hcl 60 mg viagra for sale cheap anafranil 25 yan etkileri propranolol para que serve azithromycin 3 year old orlistat xenical india will a overdose of thyroxine hurt a dog strattera 60 mg price en cuanto tiempo puede quedar envarazada con serophene cardizem la meaning how to lose weight with bupropion bactrim antybiotyk alendronate 70 mg oral tablet flagyl liquid for sale efectos verapamil 180 mg er miconazole and metronidazole clonidine hydrochloride 75 mcg ciprodar tablet side efect naproxendomperidone combination solubility issue generic levitra problems can phenergan 25mg treat chickenpox in adults viagra price turkey what if i take 4 of the cialis 5 mg at one time amoxicillin causes abortion lipitor ppt slides generic for lisinopril and hydrochlorothiazide 200ml viagra price lexapro australia should i masterbate before viagra success rate with clomid ovidrel and iui misoprostol arthrotec in the philippines amoxicillin at petsmart.can be used for humans weight loss and paxil what is the half life of 12.5 mg zoloft captopril emedicine isotretinoina 10 mg time to work can doxycycline hyclate turn your stool green buy cheap viagra online australia where can i find zovirax injection riegos d la cytotec con embarazo de 4 meses aborto de 13 semanas con cytotec does prednisone work for a toothache celexa 400 price in pakistan what does gabapentin do for trigeminal neuralgia lexapro 10mg depression how much does zofran cost at walmart in the 40458 area misoprostol and mifepristone kit walmart trazodone mg for insomnia naprosyn sr image prednisone 50 mg for asthma celecoxib usp price order cialis canada dosis pemakaian chromalux misoprostol buying generic viagra safe lowest effective dose of celexa bacterial vaginosis lamisil prometrium 200 mg side effects during pregnancy does premarin cream help you sleep does rizatriptan benzoate show up on a drug test difference between zovirax and abreva carbimazole and levothyroxine together where to buy kamagra yahoo side effects of long term use of trepiline and provera misoprostol gynecomastia aspen fluconazole for reoccuring yeast when dies cialis start to work misoprostol 200 mg forma tomar will trazodone 50 mg kill you mixed with alcohol average dose gabapentin misoprostol cytotec four dollar antibiotic metronidazole do you take proscar on empty stomach harga salap nizoral krem cheap levitra u.s para q sirven las pastillas anafranil de 75mg azithromycin price mercury drug metronidazole and birth control how much does valtrex cost without insurance at walmart voltaren 30 mg generic cdc ciprofloxacin expiration gabapentin 900 buy nexium 40 mg online pfizer cytotec 200 mcg serophene 100mg successful rate furosemide 40 mg buy online uk buy amoxicillin 200mg uk who makes citalopram hydrobromide misoprostol ampul how quick does zovirax work que es y para que sirve estrace cream propecia canada online meloxicam online augmentin 625 plus uses singulair price in canada celecoxib celebrex price quetiapine fumarate 12.5 tac dung cua thuoc singulair prednisone dosage 3 days farmacodinamia y farmacocinetica de prazosin en facmed fluvoxamine maleate side effects montelukast 93 prednisone burst five days taper what is the difference between septra and septra ss vaginal suppositories viagra viagra mail order india interactions with sertraline and iced tea doxycycline mono 50 mg side effects periactin motion sickness stopping lexapro after 6 days valtrex 1000 mg for cold sores is finasteride good for blood in sperm minipressxl with class fluconazole 3rd trimester cialis from canada with a prescription metronidazole pills for cysts harga zoloral ketoconazole 200 mg gabapentin for withdrawals duloxetine dr 60mg is there sulfa in cipro can taking antibiotic 500 help cure chicken pox is siberian ginseng safe with zoloft amitriptyline can you snort singulair dosage 4mg order clomid dosage 150 mg voltaren gel 300 finasteride uk boots qulef 500 levofloxacin tablets for what use pl explain can i eat peanuts while taking warfarin

St Athanasius

May 2
by EWTN | Source:
20120501_Saint_Athanasius.jpgSt Athanasius
Known as the "champion of orthodoxy," was born about the year 297, in Alexandria. There is a tradition, related by Rufinus, that he first attracted the notice of Patriarch Alexander as he was playing at baptism on the seashore with other small boys. After watching young Athanasius perform the rite, the prelate called the boys to him and by questioning satisfied himself that the baptisms were valid. He then undertook to have these boys trained for the priesthood. Athanasius received an excellent education, not only in Christian doctrine, but also in Greek literature and philosophy, rhetoric, and jurisprudence.
He knew the Scriptures thoroughly, and learned theology from teachers who had been confessors during the terrible persecutions under Maximian. In youth he appears to have formed friendships with several hermits of the desert, especially with the great Antony, whose biography he was to write. He was reader to the patriarch, and in 318 became his secretary. During this period he wrote a discourse, <Against the Gentiles>, in which he attempted an explanation of the Incarnation and the doctrine of the Trinity.

   In Egypt two strong and often divergent forces had early appeared in the Christian Church: the conservative hierarchy in Alexandria, represented by the patriarch or bishop, and the theologians of the schools, who cared little for tradition and stood for free reasoning on theological subjects. The leaders of the latter party had sometimes been obliged, like the famous Origen, to go into exile. There were also schisms over the distribution of authority in the Church and over doctrinal questions. It was probably about the year 323 that one Arius, a priest of the church of Baucalis, began to teach that Jesus, though more than man, was not eternal God, that he was created in time by the Eternal Father, and could therefore be described only figuratively as the Son of God.
The patriarch demanded a written statement of these doctrines. With only two dissenting voices the bishops condemned them as heresy, and deposed Arius, together with eleven priests and deacons of Alexandria. Arius retired to Caesarea, where he continued to propagate his ideas, enlisting the support of Bishop Eusebius of Nicomedia and other Syrian prelates. In Egypt he had already won over many of the metaphysicians, as well as Meletius, bishop of Lycopolis, and leader of a dissident group. Theology being the topic which most deeply engaged men´s minds, the Arian controversy interested all classes of the population. The heretical propositions were publicized in the form of songs set to popular tunes, and these were chanted in the forums and carried by sailors from port to port.

   Athanasius, as the patriarch´s secretary, took a prominent part in this great Church struggle. It is probable that he even composed the encyclical letter announcing the condemnation of Arius. We know that he was present, as an attendant on Alexander, at the famous Council of Nicaea, summoned by the Emperor Constantine to determine matters of dogma. There the sentence against Arius was confirmed, and the confession of faith known as the Nicene Creed promulgated and subscribed. This gathering of churchmen influenced Athanasius deeply, and, as a modern writer has said, the rest of his life was a testimony to the divinity of the Saviour.

   Shortly after this Alexander died, and Athanasius succeeded him, although he was not yet thirty. One of his first acts was a tour of his enormous diocese, which included the great monastic settlements, especially the Thebaid. He ordained a bishop for Abyssinia, where the Christian faith had recently been established. Yet in spite of his best efforts, there was strong opposition. The Meletians made common cause with the Arians, and the movement, temporarily discredited by the Council of Nicaea, was soon again rampant in Asia Minor and Egypt.


In 330 the Arian bishop of Nicomedia, Eusebius, returned from his exile and before long had persuaded the aging Constantine to write to Athanasius, bidding him readmit Arius into communion, in the interests of unity. Eusebius sent an ingratiating letter in defense of Arius, but Athanasius held to his conviction that the Church could have no communion with heretics who attacked the divinity of Christ. Then Eusebius wrote the Egyptian Meletians urging them to impeach Athanasius for personal misconduct. They brought charges that he had levied a general tribute of linen for use in his own church, and made other petty accusations. At his trial before the emperor, Athanasius cleared himself and returned in triumph to Alexandria, bearing with him a letter of approval from Constantinople.

   His enemies now accused him of having murdered a Meletian bishop named Arsenius, and summoned him to attend a council at Caesarea. Knowing that his supposed victim was in hiding, Athanasius ignored the summons. In 335 an order came from Constantinople to appear before another assembly at Tyre, packed by his opponents and presided over by an Arian who had seized the see of Antioch. Realizing that his condemnation had been decided on, Athanasius abruptly left the council and took ship for Constantinople. There he accosted the emperor as a suppliant in the street and obtained an interview. So completely did he vindicate himself that Constantine summoned the bishops to Constantinople for a retrial of the case. Then, for some unexplained reason, he suddenly changed his mind. Before the first letter arrived, a second was sent, confirming the sentence and banishing Athanasius to Treves. During this first exile, Athanasius kept in touch with his flock by letter.

   In 337 Constantine died, shortly after his baptism by Eusebius of Nicomedia, and his empire was divided among his three sons, Constantine II, Constantius, and Constans. Many of the exiled prelates were now recalled. One of the first acts of Constantine II, who had sovereignty over Britain, Spain, and Gaul, was to allow Athanasius to return to his see. Two years later Constantine II was to be killed in battle in Aquileia. The patriarch reentered Alexandria in seeming triumph, but his enemies were as relentless as ever, and Eusebius of Nicomedia had completely won over the Emperor Constantius, within whose portion of the empire Alexandria was situated. New scandals were invented and Athanasius was now accused of raising sedition, promoting bloodshed, and keeping for himself corn intended for the poor. A Church council which met at Antioch again deposed him, and ratified an Arian bishop for Alexandria.


In the midst of all this confusion a Cappadocian priest named Gregory was forcibly installed as patriarch of Alexandria by the city prefect, pagans and Arians having now joined forces against the Catholics. Confronted unceasingly by acts of violence and sacrilege, Athanasius betook himself to Rome to await the hearing of his case by the Pope. A synod was summoned, but the Eusebians who had proposed it failed to appear. The result was a complete vindication of Athanasius, a verdict afterwards endorsed by the Council of Sardica. Nevertheless he found it impossible to return to Alexandria until after the death of Gregory, and then only because Emperor Constantius, on the eve of a war with Persia, thought it politic to propitiate his brother Constans by restoring Athanasius to his see.

   After an absence then of eight years, Athanasius was welcomed back to Alexandria in 346, and for three or four years there was comparative peace. But the murder of Constans in 350 removed the most powerful support of orthodoxy, and Constantius, once he found himself ruler of both West and East, set himself to crush the man he now regarded as a personal enemy. At Arles in 353 he obtained the condemnation of Athanasius from a council of Gallic bishops, who seem to have been kept in ignorance of the importance of the issues. Two years later at Milan he met with more opposition from the Italian bishops, but when with his hand on his sword he gave them their choice between condemnation of Athanasius and exile, by far the greater number yielded.

The few stubborn bishops were exiled, including the new Pope Liberius. He was sent into isolation in Thrace until, broken in body and spirit, he too gave his consent to the Arian decrees. Athanasius held on for another year with the support of his own clergy and people. Then one night, as he was celebrating a vigil in the church of St. Thomas, soldiers broke in. Athanasius was instantly surrounded by his people, who swept him out into the safety of darkness; but for six years thereafter he had to live in hiding. His abounding energy now expressed itself in literary composition, and to this period are ascribed his chief writings, including a <History of the Arians>, three letters to Serapion, a defense of his position to Constantius, and a treatise on the synods of Rimini and Seleucia.


The death of Constantius in 361 was followed by another shift in the situation. The new emperor, Julian, a pagan, revoked the sentences of banishment enacted by his predecessors, and Athanasius returned once again to his own city. But it was only for a few months. Julian´s plans for a reconquest of the Christian world could make little headway as long as the champion of the Catholic faith ruled in Egypt; he also considered it necessary to banish Athanasius from Alexandria as "a disturber of the peace and an enemy of the gods." During this fourth exile, he seems to have explored the entire Thebaid. He was in Antinopolis when two hermits informed him of the death of Julian, who, it was later ascertained, at that moment was expiring in distant Persia, slain by an enemy´s arrow.

   The new emperor, Jovian, a soldier of Catholic sympathies, revoked the sentence of banishment and invited Athanasius to Antioch, to expound the doctrine of the Trinity. Jovian´s reign lasted only a year, and his successor in the East, Valens, succumbed to Arian pressure in Constantinople and in May, 365, issued an order banishing again all orthodox bishops who had been exiled by Constantius and restored by his successors.
Once more the worn and aged prelate was forced to flee. The ecclesiastical historian, Socrates, tells us that Athanasius hid himself this time in his father´s tomb, but a better- informed writer says that he spent the months in a villa in a suburb of Alexandria. Four months later Valens revoked his edict, fearing possibly a rising of the Egyptians, who were determined to accept no other man as bishop. Joyfully they escorted him back. Athanasius had spent seventeen years in exile, but his last years were peaceful. He died in Alexandria on May 2, 373. His body was twice removed, first to Constantinople, and then to Venice.

   While the theological controversies which marked this period may seem both complex and remote, they were an important milestone in the history of the Church, Athanasius rendering an outstanding service. The statement of Christian doctrine known as the Athanasian Creed was probably composed during his life, but not actually by him. In his works there is deep spiritual feeling and understanding, and as Cardinal Newman said, he stands as "a principal instrument after the Apostles by which the sacred truths of Christianity have been conveyed and secured to the world."

To read more about this Saint go to:

Saint Athanasius, Bishop and Doctor I

Saint Athanasius, Bishop and Doctor II

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular