bupropion 200 mg price azithromycin sandoz for gonorrhea thesavvysocialista.com zithromax 4 pills taken at once taking proviron and tamoxifen after cycle eu-atp.org vyvanse wellbutrin ativan viagra tablets in bangalore price erythromycin for acne price ph fluconazole dose in candida chest infection can you crush 2.5 lisinopril tablets celexa skin clearing viagra pastillas 5gm generic cytotec 200 mcg when should i start taking finasteride flagyl dosing for c diff celecoxib 100 mg oral capsule lisinopril in the philippines plavix cheap canada buy famciclovir no prescription tratamiento cytotec quetiapine xl 800 mg can paroxetine hydrochloride get you high afekchess.com what is the plant source of tamoxifen doxepin 10mg for anxiety augmentin 1000 mg twice a day can someone trying to concieve use metronidazole street value of gabapentin 800mg side effects metformin stool does valacyclovir 500 mg interfere with mini pill when is nexium off patent lynoral 0.05mg and pregnancy abdominal cramps after light period ends ttc on clomid is it ok to mix augmentin to milk faunaforever.org amoxicillin generic price philippines para que es acyclovir 800 mg tableta how long until thrush starts to go away with diflucan metronidazole for treatment vaginal wart best price for 40mg prozac side effects gonorrhea azithromycin ilosone suspension 125 mg 8nxw.com can too much lasix cause dehydration and memory loss kamagra 365 pharmacy cuantas pastilla cytotec tengo que tomar con dos meses taking lexapro 10mg and valium 10mg together propranolol 20 mg uses alcohol bad or not lotrimin v lamisil afekchess.com why viagra fails ywdtx.com synthroid 80 mcg can i buy antibiotics over the counter in hawaii rationale for furosemide 80 mg iv push cobre2013.cl do u take tamsulosin at bedtime i take clomid 150 for five days which i will oveate businesscreditpro.com clonidine 100 mcg side effect when will i get sore breast while ovulating on clomid alcohol after flagyl weight loss on trazodone warfarin and aspirin 81 mg katartisi-pnai.gr bollywoodinformer.com wellbutrin hcl 75 mg cytotec ventas san juan de lurigancho lima prednisone pack 12 day 1001.org furosemide to diuril conversion zoloft withdrawal vomiting seroquel xr and grapefruit juice para saan ang ketoconazole clobetasol mylan bupropion sr 200mg torsemide 10 mg tab buy amoxicillin ear infections singulair generic side effects blood sugar nyscaa.org bigdaddyssigns.com buy duloxetine 60 mg no prescription zyvox otelbella.com atenolol price uk propranolol for agitation iv side effects of starting lexapro clomiphene citrate liquid dosage theorientalhotels.com lidoderm topiramate mox cream doxycycline vs amoxicillin gum pain sichtwandel.ch misoprostol 200 mg precio en farmacias de puebla virtualsem.com niagarajazzfestival.com how dangerous is finasteride 5mg to swowlow lexapro dose of 40 mg for pain management paroxetine effects if snorted champion-container.com prednisone 10 day course and alcohol order quetiapine online arman-crusher.com can you take penicillin then switch to septra champion-container.com lexapro and nexium interaction propecia and watery ejactulation stopping citalopram after 3 weeks nurofen with lexapro groganstudios.com metoprolol z hexal 25 mg nursing interventions when giving ondansetron como saver si cytotec funciono brand name in the philippines of misoprostol clomid over 40 gabapentin anxiety disorder vs amitryptiline so-sc.org posologie doxazosin propranolol 20 mg pill csitdurg.in amaryl 4 mg price in pakistan kegunaan levaquin misoprostol for sale philippines cherche paroxetine win 20mg fifem.com cara kerja voltaren emulgel kimlearningcenter.com amoxicillin vs cephalexin color of viagra pills men taking clomid increase chances of twins salep nizoral untuk apa grandcanyonbrewery.com benicar cvs theartofmarketing.com neurontin 800 mg used for arthritis pain gabapentin price australia cheap viagra canada pharmacy chamber.md metronidazole 500 mg iv q 8 hr pandahomecare.com montelukast sod 10mg manufacture coupon haas.com.pl multi-monety.pl levofloxacin ornidazole poultry dose doxycycline skin infection dosage gratisdiscotecas.com can you take bactrim for lyme disease does clomid causes high temperature and nipple pain furosemide 20 mg images how often can i take neurontin for pain manup sildenafil tablet wellbutrin for ms fatigue 14leclub.com webbrowsers.lv dexamethasone manfaat what is metronidazole 250 mg tablets used for in dogs celebrity combo diet nebenwirkungen creasite.fr amoxicillin 400 5ml para que sirve misoprostol tablets otc duloxetine via dobhoff viagra and callgirl elavil 25 mg reviews alternative forlisinopril amoxicillin 850 mg dosage what is px erythromycin 250mg tablets how long can fluconazole 150 mg take to work 20mg co alendronate buy amoxicillin over the counter uk nizoral online india accutane results after 4 months what to give dog for uti doxycycline stdennischurch.org olanzapine citrate side effects lexapro 10mg tablets side effects 4kom.it warfarin generic substitution generix voguel sildenafil consecuencis hansrajcollege.info apotex recall atorvastatin how much tamoxifen do you take wile on testosterone is it best to make levaquin in the morning or night chamber.md amaryl 2mg stem.neu.edu side effects of metoprolol 50 mg isotretinoin 25mg allegra price at walmart mightyrabbitstudios.com generic for cialis tadalafil mightyrabbitstudios.com what are the side effects of gabapentin best way to take prednisone burst australian albuterol nebulizer amoxil 500 price in india can propranolol taken in fever generic lexapro overdose propecia costco price strattera make you horny kamagra now us oral jelly viagra brand sale rwmeierlaw.com levothyroxine cause acid .05 nyscaa.org thuoc ivermectin 3mg dramamine and metformin pfizer viagra pharmacy can neurontin cause pain in jaw pil isotretinoin inasweets.com what mg does celexa come in elavil bus telephone number clonazepam and citalopram uk dws-xip.pl metronidazole collies cheap montelukast fastum gel vs voltaren flagyl pill and pregnancy pct nolvadex clomid dosage us discount viagra ketamine gabapentin cream synthroid 4 carpetandfloors.co.uk zoloft dizziness gout no cervical mucus after diflucan leowelcome.com zevin cream acyclovir clozaril patient registration form australia metronidazole side effects for the elderly buy gabapentin online usa montelukast sodium para que sirve flagyl 750mg online cheap clomid buy online cheap para q sirve cyproheptadine 2mg viagra side effects uk metronidazole dosing for dogs is buspirone hcl time released diclofenac misoprostol cena w holandii otic antibiotics without prescription wordsalamode.com normal dose of fish biotics amoxicillin for adult theburgeradventure.com magnificent.pl clomid abdominal pain and long period timeline for levaquin reaction azithromycin u s p in urdu doxycycline vs minocycline for acne amitriptyline and adipex augmentin sinusitis dosage cordarone 200 mg dosage does diabex help with prednisone weight gain onlywebs.us can u give phenergancan codeine to a 6 year old magnano-tech.com bactrim 200 mg levofloxin levitra interaction bethubsportsblog.com neurontin 800 mg buy levitra free consultation paroxetine mesylate b c s class strangfuneral.org can you take zofran with zpak ai vs tamoxifen levofloxacina bugiardino gabapentin300 feels grrear can dogs take zofran odt IMAJJI.COM clomid after laparoscopy success celexa 40 mg weight loss can you cut zyvox tablets apakaz.org dorsal meloxicam carisoprodol para que sirve captopril 25 mg price mold in zithromax azithromycin wellbutrin xl y bulimis buy cheap depo provera lotensin 20 mg price waterfrontalehouse.com corral88.org nizoral otc amitriptyline dog sleepy thesoundalarm.com chick 1992 disulfiram atenolol 25 mg price duphaston dose after ovulation if u r on clomid natural alternative to thyroxine uk purchase metronidazole for dogs in canada bupropion prices costco precio del captopril 25 mg clomiphenecitrate and getting bloated furosemide and urine color camerata.com amoxicillin 125mg 5ml ok for babies gkris.com para que serve cyproheptadine hcl buy atomoxetine 40 mg terbinafine cream price in rupes dosage for zyvox how many days of bactrim for sinus infection bengbeng.de americanfamilyenergy.com cialis and viagra combined sanofi levothyroxine piroxicam untuk doxycycline hyclate walmart atorvastatin 80 mg side effects sleep disturbance what happens if i stop taking propecia for a week pulmicort vs. proventil gothamistllc.com citalopram and insomnia nhs xeloda 150 mg fiyat?± singulair 10mg msd mode of administration can i take a 6 7 a amoxicillin for nose ring infection oeufspolis.com soleaturk.com capsule nexium 20 mg price buy montelukast sodium cipro lawsuit liver buspirone dosage daily vs prn buy legal fda approved viagra apakaz.org nasminc.com km-kh.com uso de misoprostol tamoxifen 5 10 years 2mg zofran 4 year old cytotec sin prescripcion medica en ibague levofloxacina 750 mg lupin bigdaddyssigns.com antiviral medicine for hiv in philippines generic plavix replacement sevban.com zofran intramuscular pain generic feldene gel mnemonic for tetracycline antibiotic zofran uk side effects ic50 tamoxifen ec naprosyn on the streets get viagra without a prescription what is the difference between seroquel and lithium prozac 80 mg too much katartisi-pnai.gr synthroid 200 mcg discount viagra brand drug priligy price in pakistan can you treat ehrlichiosis with amoxicillin can you get flagyl or cipro over the counter in the usa amoxicillin for dogs over the counter furosemide 40 mg obat apa viagra pro online std 1000g zithromax aca-18586.de carlosfloresmusic.com is albuterol a steroid hyper energy zovirax acyclovir ointment price 30 mg prozac perfect dose oeufspolis.com jinlongcheng.net yagbank.com proactivelogic.com voltaren 12.5 mg buy amoxicillin uk no prescription flagyl forte 500 mg taars.org tamoxifen citrate dosage on ml atorvastatin tablete springracinginsights.com doxycycline and demodex aqatic azithromycin powder packets for humans ondansetron iv push nursing considerations is cipro dispensed 700 mg nizoral cream obat apa mobilestoreoperators.com kamagra uk paypal managedent.ca generic paroxetine hcl segtucson.com cozaar australia how much prednisone for 16lb dog dunnacupuncture.com medicamento meloxicam con peridon cytotec 200 cuantas pastillas anticonceptivas adalat 5 mg nebenwirkungen purchase cialis professional find clomiphene over counter in jamaica can you take diflucan for 3 days cost of zyprexa with medicare insurance amlodipine price in india clomid as treatment for gyno does mobic 7.5 tablet treat pneumonia revista 2 rodas xre 300 why flomax cannot be opened cialis cheap tablets how much is amoxicillin 500 over the counter in spain learninc.org rantical.com cipro mg yogaindailylife.org cialis 5mg daily reviews can i cut in half a diovan htc buy accutane online where bengbeng.de cabergoline 0.25 mg uses can i take parlodel and clomid together any problem doxycycline 100 in dentistry la pastilla cytotec en generica si sirve para el aborto gauntletpress.com antidepressants price philippines pandahomecare.com purchase oral ivermectin for dogs teva generic pamelor bigdaddyssigns.com menafilmfest.com corral88.org nortriptyline lawsuits thebestkindofdifferent.com lineofoslo.no seenonstage.pl does amoxicillin trihydrate affect ava 30 nexium esomeprazole 20 mg price uspmw.com wpodrozy.eu ciprofloxacin 125mg 5ml suspension sportcurrent.com asylum-booksandgames.com faunaforever.org montelukast precio mx finasteride 0.5 mg user reviews augmentin 475 cena apteka duos sise. effect of clomid can i buy valtrex over the counter uk zofran dosage 6 year old cciprofloxacin hydrochloride and black stool rf5.org cuanto cuesta cytotec en farmacias de guatemala can tetracycline hcl bp 250mg be use for dogs valacyclovir 1 mg tab stories1st.org does bupropion xl has gluten in it ciprofloxacin urinary tract infection dose onlywebs.us mirtazapine price in india can you take cipro and protonix together toughfurniture.com what are the implications of albuterol wiros piroxicam fungsinya citrato de sildenafila faz mal com losartana bloating is it sign of ovulating after 100mg of clomid metformine without food can you take lisinopril hctz every other day what dosage for dogs of metronidazole 500mg how many dose amoxicillin to take a 6month old baby flomax swelling of feet buy viagra uk tesco que es interpharm substituted for bactrim iphone5sreview.nl sertraline can you take it with topamax what is arrow meloxicam 15 mg pain reliever bupkoeln.de bupropion er 200 mg speech problems from anti depressant rantical.com order premarin cream online fluconazole can you take it with probiotic 10 buy lamisil cheap online how much do hiv antivirals cost doxycycline monohydrate vs hydrochloride shelf life of septra suspension once opened happyknits.com lexapro online no prescription clomid directions zoloft effective dose ocd wpodrozy.eu metronidazole 125 mg used for dosis amoxilin untuk klamedia antibiotics in pregnancy australia theburgeradventure.com is there a weight loss pill when taking mirtazapine baclofen 10mg v 22 65 street value warfarin 4mg side effects st john wort and viagra interaction yagbank.com generic plavix information springmassage88.com does publix give you zithromax free xnxx viagra premarin no prescription .625 only taking antibiotics for 3 days cpt code erythromycin ophthalmic stdennischurch.org prednisolone and ciprobay contraindications anafranil clomipramin hydrochl gia thuoc tamoxifen 20 stopping bactrim after diarrhea como funciona levitra hydroxyzine side effects eyebrow thinning nexium patent expiration wiki prednisone for poison ivy on vagina how long does buspirone stay in your urine how long after taking propecia can you try for a baby stories1st.org

When Society Begins in Test Tubes

But by referring to nature the Church doesn’t intend to be naturalistic. Just realistic. Large scale in vitro fertilization is a social experiment which overlooks the real problems that are arising from it.
by Brother John Antonio, LC | Source: Catholic.net

Any fan of Discovery Channel knows that each species of the animal kingdom has a specific manner of reproduction linked to its survival and development.   If the queen of a bee colony decides to lay only two or three eggs a month, the hive won’t survive the winter.  A first-world country with a birth rate below 2.1 children per woman would experience a similar fate.  Then too, linked to the necessity of reproduction for survival is the essential element of education or orientation.  For example, newborn cheetahs go through a long personalized hunting course before being left on their own to find food.   If the cheetah reproduced at a rate of thousands per year like the honey bee, the mother would be confronted with the impossibility of feeding and training a gargantuan litter of hunting students. 

What about homo sapiens?  Does it matter how we come into the world? If our reproduction affects our development like in the rest of the animal kingdom, it certainly does.  In certain aspects mankind is not as pre-determined as other mammals.  We don’t always give birth in the springtime, nor do parents categorically boot their children out of the nest at a given age.  But what would happen, for example, if we started reproducing like arachnids?  A hundred baby spiders break out into nature without ever having met their father.  If applied to humanity, it’s difficult to believe that something catastrophic wouldn’t happen.  And yet, we are soon to find out. 

In vitro fertilization has recently allowed some men to father two to three hundred children by being paid to act as sperm donors.  IVF has been around since 1978, so it in itself is nothing new, but the increasingly indiscriminate use of the method has led to the social phenomena of a generation of fatherless children.  Some governments, rather than being wary of these developments, are actively speeding things along: the British Parliament recently decided that fathers aren’t needed when women seek in vitro fertilization.  While such methods work fine for Certified Angus breeding, something is seriously wrong when human society gets the same treatment as beef.

From the biological point of view it is difficult to maintain a healthy gene pool.  An in vitro child may grow up in a city with 300 anonymous siblings.  He or she could easily befriend, date, and marry a half-brother or half-sister; or at least a first cousin of some sort.  It’s already happening: a sperm donor in Ireland has already been faced with the dilemma of having over 100 unidentified daughters living in the same vicinity of his son. 

A service offering DNA testing may be able to solve that by identifying individuals who share a common father.  In that case, taking a look at a person’s double helix could become the first step to developing a healthy relationship.  But even if that boy or girl doesn’t plan on finding a soul mate, they would still have to live with the jarring prospect of a déjà vu every so often.  They may have their mother’s eyes, but Phil next door could have their father’s hair, nose, and the rest.

On the psychological side, we should ask if a father is an essential element of childhood maturity.  This could get complicated.  But aside from the numerous sociological and psychological studies that clearly demonstrate the importance of good fatherhood we could simply ask, “What is the greatest need of the human person in his or her personal development?” 

The answer is love: we all agree that people need to feel loved.  A child who lost his father tragically through war or natural causes can still feel love at least thanks to the act of self-giving by which he was conceived.  On the other hand, a child whose dad was never there, not even in the moment of conception, is denied this unique expression of a father’s “I care”.  Dad simply isn’t the same as mom, and vice versa.  Nor can surrogate dads or moms completely fill in for biological parents.        

We can never predict with absolute certainty what our society will look like a few generations down the road.  But in light of past and present aberrations it’s difficult to believe that something abnormal wouldn’t happen with the liberalization of in vitro fertilization.  A few decades ago, popular opinion endorsed contraceptives as the solution to enhancing relationships and preventing unwanted pregnancies.  Now, we see that couples tend to stay together longer without it.  Regarding liberation from unwanted pregnancies, 54% of the abortions in 2000 were solicited by women using contraceptives.  Then, single parenting and divorce was in.  In the 90’s people could even laugh along with it in films like Jim Carrey’s Liar Liar and Robin Williams’ Mrs. Doubtfire.  A report by research groups has shown that it may be a subject more fittingly treated in drama than comedy, since the economic disadvantage of single-parent families has put many of them below the poverty level, not to mention costing American taxpayers $112 billion dollars annually.  The seemingly “private” realm of procreation and parenting is actually very social.
Many IVF advocates are quick to reply that its only detractors are those with religious motives.  It’s evident, however, that there’s no need to open your Bible to see the negative effects it causes.  It’s about the laws of nature.  Technology may allow us to harness some of these laws in order to circumvent others—for better or for worse.  We can use medicine to artificially avoid or facilitate childbirth, but we do so following the laws medicine; and then, inevitably suffering the social and medical side effects of a jinxed natural process.  Man cannot, however, completely recreate nature, especially when it expresses the complex spiritual and psychological needs of the human person—needs which technology is unable to completely understand. 

A more explicit expression of this natural law can come to us through a legitimate divine law.  That’s one of the many benefits of the ethical wisdom that the Catholic Church has to offer.  Humanae Vitae was a pastoral attempt to expose some the dangers of contraception.  Similar documents help us to avoid a trial and error process, which can be hazardous when rashly applied to nature and more so when tested on humanity.  Forty years after Humanae Vitae the facts show that, in the words of Pope Benedict XVI, “The transmission of life is inscribed in nature and its laws stand as an unwritten norm to which everyone must refer.”  The Church’s teachings against indiscriminate IVF are an effort to spare children and parents the unpleasant side effects that accompany it. 

That may sound like a nature-based Discovery Channel conclusion.  But by referring to nature the Church doesn’t intend to be naturalistic.  Just realistic.    Large scale in vitro fertilization is a social experiment which overlooks the real problems that are arising from it.  On the other hand, a realistic look at children shows that they are best served when they come into the world with both a father and a mother close by.    

Brother John Antonio, of the Legionaries of Christ, studies for the priesthood in Rome.

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows Catholic.net to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to Catholic.net right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular