cardizemmax capsule max dose for atrial fibrillation lisinopril benadryl interaction que pasa si uso misoprostol sigo embarazada buy acyclovir cream walmart cheap celebrex 200mg does cialis headache go away will 30 mg mirtazapine make you poop dirty felodipine 5 gm ketoconazole cream at cvs can terbinafine hydrochloride cream be used for thrush obat tidur clozaril propecia 1mg tablets phenergan elixir australia atarax pa 308 para que sirve doxycycline can i take zofran while breastfeeding fluconazole dose duration diaper rash purity solutions sildenafil citrate review diflucan fluconazole yeast infection price in hong kong revatio online bestellen fluconazole making yeast infection worse seroquel and dreams celebrex ad location buy montelukast online uk efficacy of levaquin vs generic levaquin can overdosing on hydroxyzine kill you cardura 1 mg ?…?§?‡?? generic levitra buy online does proscar take make me grow boobs msds cipla amlodipine buy flagyl metronidazole s how long before fluconazole works lipitor 20 mg price in india order chloramphenicol prescription diet pills no script needed roaccutane harganya berapa cardura 2 mg uses cheap albuterol inhaler what can 20 mg of buspirone do flu like symptoms while on flagyl with alcohol albuterol sulfate vs epinephrine next day prednisone treatment asma 10 mg 5 days phenergan 10mg dosage generic cialis reviews uk mhra clopidogrel proton canadian generic levitra fluconazole cure male yeast how do i get viagra metoprolol fenofbrate metoprolol 12.5 mg bid can you take erythromycin with naproxen topix cytotec in u.a.e. clindamicyn doxycycline lyme otc nexium equivalent using chewable generic viagra pills generic viagra safe qual o generico da pomada voltarene nizoral shampoo in south africa metformin and folic acid does gabapentin prevent fertility viagra taken with no xplode albumin and lasix generic cabergoline azithromycin chlamydia is 500 mg enough buy amoxicillin from mexico online atorvastatin 10 mg tablet price take mifepristone 200mg and misoprostol 200pg zovirax 800mg price can you take beta blockers with citalopram sar of digoxin.pdf tab thyroxine 100 mg side effect can you give dogs bactrim for uti price of 1 tablet of 40 mg propranolol in pakistan does diflucan interfere with the mini pill flagyl mg for bv can flagyl pills cure gonorrhea baclofen pump in india azithromycin brand name and price in india nizoral 2 cream for hair loss can you buy antibiotics over the counter at walgreens beneficios del clomiphene kegunaan dexamethasone hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg free pdf on usage of clomide avelox vs levaquin for uti neurontin for migraines levofloxacin 500 mg for sinus infection images pastilla cytotec como se toma lexapro 5mg enough xenical weight loss results kamagra women oral jelly buy esomeprazole 20 mg online uk doxycycline 90 days prometrium 200 ovuli costo cytotec misoprostol bolivia telmisartan hctz 40 12.5mg a dose of flagyl tablets typhoid takes how many days how does misoprostol or cytotec work over the counter cialis in hong kong side effects of bactrim antibiotics can you get high off ondansetron hcl 4mg r 153 enhance effects of levitra augmentin and ampliclox does ciprofloxacin cause retrograde ejaculation zoloft and conception how does fluconazole work after your last dose inderal ver wholesale ajanta kamagra naproxen 550 mg metronidazole 500mg tablets usesand alcohol fluconazole 200 mg tablet is used to treat what can i drink beer while taking diflucan metronidazole vaginal gel and ovarian cysts bupropion hcl xl 300 cost without insurance ciprofloxacin 500mg for infection after abortion price of voltaren gel in india clomipramine uk generic estradiol cream doxycycline or augmentin for staph infection can u take naproxen with ileostomy does avodart cause low back pain can u get high off the medication remeron will zithromax treat bacterial conjunctivitis how long for antibiotics to work on giardia albuterol inhaler vs albuterol neb solution metoprolol 80mg how much is 100mg viagra worth on the street amitriptyline 20 mg buy scopolamine hydrobromide buy seroquel online overnight buy azithromycin no prescription online can cymbalta cause stomach upset cytotec como usar plavix 75mg manufacturer levofloxacin natrapharm how to cycle nolvadex is any contact to buy linezolid tab buy zovirax cream pharmacy drug generic generic viagra viagra 100 tablet detail in hindi esomeprazole tad 40mg can duloxetine keep you awake clomid for sale pct femara fertility uk para que es celecoxib deq sildenafil cobra 120 cijene alendronate na price in australia will taking estrace make you miss your period metoprolol 25mg er side effects apa itu ketoconazole terbinafine for more 90 days is 10 amoxicillin 500 mg enough to get rid of an std albuterol hfa 90 mcg inhaler for sale costo de lexapro 10 mg prednisone po to iv conversion taking one 20 mg accutane per week are topamax orange metronidazole 400mg chest infection nizoral shampoo wholesale best deal on cialis generic celecoxib 200 mg who is the blonde in viagra comercial are amitriptyline 25mg like somas desogestrel 150 mcg etinilestradiol 30 mcg prednisone 21 ct dose pack remeron maximum dosage 60 albuterol sulfate 3 month old penggunaan xenical orlistat accidental double dose a 500 milligram metronidazole ciprofloxacina 500 mg isotretinoin 20mg capsules side effects what is effect of topamax on shingles metoprolol er succinate 50 mg reviews can i take nexium with prednisone the functions of ciprotab impetigo apply zovirax die etinilestradiol withdrawal from short term use of gabapentin buy cheap anafranil india what the strongest levitra dose ivermectin 1 cream piroxicam 0.5 gel price propecia price cvs gabapentin 1200 mg dosage safe buy kamagra jelly generic indomethacin seroquel 25 mg tablet can you recover after zyprexa famciclovir for cats price does prednisone make your heart pound harder inderal 10mg and alcohol difference between 50mg and 100mg clomid can we use naproxen sodium for toothache seroquel high bilirubin 5 htp and remeron for pain difference between voltren rapid naproxen azithromycin zithromax mercury drug price philippines pengedar cialis di malaysia does gabapentin and klonopin cause sleepiness can cipro treat bv and how much needed how do i wean my dog off 20 mg of prednisone is it ok to take zoloft 50 mgs with cipralex 10 mgs doxycycline safe or poison does allegra reverse birthcontrol dosage of azithromycin for 7 year old cialis 20mg still working after 5 days can i use every day cialis on one use at a time im preg docter give me gulf indomethacin 25 ketoconazole cream scrotum buy zofran orally disintegrating online lioresal 25 compresse conceived while taking augmentin street value of doxepin buy viagra no prescription usa lamisil birth defects how long for skin fungus to clear rash from fluconazole metformin sr 500mg for pcod what does ciprofloxacin hcl 500 mg look like doxycycline hyclate pets triamterene with lasix topiramate and l.node inexium 80 mg par jour czy zoloft jest psychotropem can u take sudafed, amoxicillin and delsym together is it ok to take amoxicillin with dimatapp valacyclovir 1000 mg tablet flagyl interstitial cystitis can metoprolol and doxycycline be taken together thuoc doxycycline donde comprar cytotec en caracas o mifegyne cyproheptadine 4 mg tablet dosage diflucan 150 mg tabletta levofloxacin 500 wilovex erection cream in india neurontin 5 panel drug test medroxyprogesterone every 3 months cytotec continetal no brasil even after cialis i did not get hard combining paxil and mirtazapine in the elderly he died of a prozac overdose precio diovan 80 mg colombia can you take mucinex while taking buspar plendil frequent urination will ciproflaxin 500 work for a tooth abses nizoral ketoconazole shampoo in farmacia can you have multiple erections with viagra 3dciprofloxacin scan phoenix az kamagra afrodizijak generic sertraline camber ciprofloxin for cats actos price feline liquid amoxicillin online femara price us buy generic zovirax online viagra vs cialis staying erection after climax effects of coming off topamax 90 metoprolol succ oral fluconazole for dogs 800 mg of sertraline why does prednisone make dog urinate how you take antibiotic powder 1g buy zyvox canada metformin denk 850 mg para adelgazar buy indocin 75 mg antibiotics and gatorade uprosol tamsulosina review prednisone and flu shot amlodipine besylate 2.5 mg cut in half to 1.25mg peso price metronidazole how to overdose on quetiapine mogadonvalium overdose escitalopram 20 mg weight gain atenolol recciones secundarias augmentin dose per cani buspar and kidney stones tetracycline for lyme disease order synthroid online bupropion and lisinopril advantages and disadvantages of lisinopril tablet linezolid antibiotics in renal failure costa crociere allegra wellbutrin sr for sale neurontin 800 mg capsules clomiphene citrate and royal jelly tadalafil 20mg in north america epididymitis ciprofloxacin side effects antibiotics for gonnereah how to get oestradiol gel in myanmar misoprostol panama can i use albuterol sulfate 90 mcg for croup bactrim and 6mp real viagra cheap online thyroxine spots side effect does daily does valtrex stop outbreaks can zyvox caps be crushed obat panu ketoconazole salep treatment poison ivy prednisone dose metformin or low carb diet body odour syrup septran 240mg prednisone 20 mg tablets use for do you still get cervical mucus with clomid and trigger valtrex dosage for cold sore flagyl di minum can you get high off strattera 40 mg do dogs drink more on prednisone zoloft vs paxil decreased libido zofran iv push rate warfarin uk brand name azithromycin 250 mg treatment beda obat palsu cytotec ge naproxen get u high estradiol 42 best price singulair 10 mg wellbutrin 150 sr half life cravit levofloxacin 5 mg obat untuk apa how to test viagra orlistat taste in mouth flagyl guinea pigs to treat uti gabapentin and dui zovirax acyclovir bahasa indonesia nya ketoconazole cream 1 percent lean pcos metformin skin rash asta k tiempo puedo usar cytotec smoke buspirone hcl to get high mifepristone and misoprostol in mumbai online flomax relief uk dapoxetine cost harga amlodipine 5 mg can i buy priligy in australia can i take mycoten inserting when using clomiphene price of synthroid without insurance where to buy misoprostol over the counter in kenya long term side effects of moduretic zyvox dosing price iv accutane review in nigeria what does phenergan syrup help chinese herbal viagra uk brand of doxycycline in bd how soon after taking augmentin should a wound heal zithromax 1 g walmart price how long does olanzapine last ciprofloxacin infection urinaire buy prozac from canada prednisone pulse dose for sinus does seroquel stop alchahol cravings buspar and bruising 1 dosis de cytotec en colombia lexapro printable coupons accutane 7 weeks can men take fluconazole albuterol sulfate dosage for a 10 month baby cuantas cytotec debo usar con 7 semanas de embarazo lexapro 5 mg forum isotretinoin success rate manfaat obat feldene piroksikam cialis 30 day free trial coupon generic cialis soft from india how long does fluconazole take to cure thrush linezolid price uk paxil 30 mg for anxiety can you crush zofran tablets tab hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg brand name cost manfaat nizoral shampoo hair loss gabapentin and mastubation how much does prometrium cost without insurance montelukast intervention ketoconazole 200 mg harga berapa pasos a seguir luego de usar cytotec lexapro fever missed dose revatio 10 mg magnesium cipro amitriptyline vivid dreams fluoxetine 60 mg per day levocetrizine montelukast combination brands in india dostinex 0.5mgdostinex 10 mg to 15 mg of lexapro reviews naproxen 250 mg buy obat apa etamox amoxillin fluconazole tablet usp 150 mg for three days sunrise remedies india generic propecia get viagra drug online lexapro pbs australia prednisone 50 mg for asthma iui clomid success rate lamisil powder australia

Holy Orders and Extreme Unction

Lesson 25
by Staff Writer | Source:


271.Q. What is the Sacrament of Extreme Unction?

272.Q. When should we receive Extreme Unction?

273.Q. Should we wait until we are in extreme danger before we receive Extreme Unction?

274.Q. Which are the effects of the Sacrament of Extreme Unction?

275.Q. What do you mean by the remains of sin?

276.Q. How should we receive the Sacrament of Extreme Unction?

277.Q. Who is the minister of the Sacrament of Extreme Unction?

278.Q. What is the Sacrament of Holy Orders?

279.Q. What is necessary to receive Holy Orders worthily?

280.Q. How should Christians look upon the priests of the Church?

281.Q. Who can confer the Sacrament of Holy Orders?


"Unction" means the anointing or rubbing with oil or ointment. "Extreme" means last. Therefore Extreme Unction means the last anointing. It is called the "last" because other unction or anointing are received before it. We are anointed at Baptism on three parts of the body-on the breast, the back, and the head. We are anointed on the forehead at Confirmation; and when priests are ordained they are anointed on the hands. The last time we are anointed is just before death, and it is therefore very properly called the last anointing, or Extreme Unction. But if the person should not die after being anointed would it still be called Extreme Unction? Yes; because at the time it was given it was thought to be the last. It sometimes happens that persons receive Extreme Unction several times in their lives, because they could receive it every time they were in danger of death by sickness.

Suppose a person should die immediately after being anointed in Baptism or Confirmation, would the anointing in Baptism or Confirmation then become Extreme Unction? No. Because Extreme Unction is in itself a separate and distinct Sacrament-a special anointing with prayers for the sick. Oil is used in Extreme Unction-as in Confirmation-as a sign of strength; for as the priest applies the holy oil in the Sacrament, the grace of the Sacrament is taking effect upon the soul. This Sacrament was instituted as much for the body as for the soul, as all the prayers said by the priest while administering it indicate. It is given generally after a person has made his confession and received the Viaticum, and when his soul is already in a state of grace; showing that it is in a special way intended for the body. It must be given only in sickness; for although one might be in danger of death if the danger did not come from within, but from without, he could not be anointed. A soldier in battle, persons being shipwrecked, firemen working at a great fire, etc., could not be anointed, although they are in very great danger of death; because the danger is not from within themselves, but from without. If, however, these persons were so frightened that there was danger of their dying from the fright, they could then be anointed.

271. Q. What is the Sacrament of Extreme Unction?

A. Extreme Unction is the Sacrament which, through the anointing and prayer of the priest, gives health and strength to the soul, and sometimes to the body, when we are in danger of death from sickness.

"Anointing." In this Sacrament the priest anoints all our senses-the eyes, the ears, the nose, the mouth, the hands, and the feet-and at the same time prays God to forgive the poor sick person all the sins he has committed by any of these. The eyes, by looking at bad objects or pictures; the ears, by listening to bad conversation; the nose, by indulging too much in sensual pleasures; the mouth, by cursing, lying, bad conversation, backbiting, etc.; the hands, by stealing, fighting, or doing sinful things; the feet, by carrying  us to do wrong or to bad places. I told you already most of our sins are committed for our body, and the senses are the chief instruments. "Strength to the body," if it is for our spiritual welfare. If God foresees, as He foresees all things, that after our sickness we shall lead better lives and do penance for our sins, then He may be pleased to restore us to health, and give us an opportunity of making up for our past faults. But if He foresees that after our sickness we would again lead bad lives, and fall perhaps into greater sins, then He will likely take us when we are prepared, and will not restore us again to health. As He always knows and does what is best for His children, we must in sickness always be resigned to His holy will, and be satisfied with what He sees fit to do with us.

272. Q. When should we receive Extreme Unction?

A. We should receive Extreme Unction when we are in danger of death from sickness, or from a wound or accident.

273. Q. Should we wait until we are in extreme danger before we receive Extreme Unction?

A. We should not wait until we are in extreme danger before we receive Extreme Unction, but if possible we should receive it whilst we have the use of our senses.

We should always be glad to receive the grace of the Sacraments. When, therefore, we are sufficiently ill to be anointed--when there is any danger of death--we should send for the priest at once. If the sick person has any chance of recovering, the Sacrament will help him and hasten the recovery; but if the priest is sent for just when the person is in the last agony of death, the person could not recover except by a miracle, and God does not perform miracles for ordinary reasons. If you are in doubt whether the person is sick enough to receive the last Sacraments, do not be the judge yourself, send for the priest and let him judge; and then all the responsibility is removed from you in case the person should die without the Sacraments. Very often persons are near death, and their relatives do not know it. The priest, like the doctor, has experience in these cases, and can judge of the danger.

Again, do not foolishly believe, as some seem to do, that if the priest comes to anoint the sick person it will frighten him by making him think he is going to die. It has never been known that the priest killed anyone by coming to see him; and if these same persons who are now sick receive the Sacraments in the church from the very same priest, why should they be afraid to receive them from him in their house? And if they are so near death that a little fright would kill them, then they are surely sick enough to receive the Sacraments. The sick person who is afraid that Extreme Unction will kill him or hasten his death shows that he has not the proper faith and confidence in God´s grace. They who do not wish to receive Holy Communion or the Holy Viaticum in their houses do not want Our Lord to visit them. How ungrateful they are! When Our Lord was on earth the people carried the sick out into the streets to lay them near Him that He might cure them. Now, He does not require us to do that, but comes Himself to the sick in the most humble manner, and they refuse to receive Him.

See how ungrateful, therefore, and how wanting in faith and devotion such persons are! If the sick person is one who has been careless about his religion, and has for some time neglected to receive the Sacraments, do not wait for him to ask for the priest or for his consent to send for him. Few persons ever believe they are so near death as they really are: they are afraid to think of their past lives, and do not like to send for the priest, or at least they put off doing so, frequently till it is too late. The devil tempts them to put off the reception of the Sacraments, in hopes that they may die without them, and be his forever. In these cases speak to the sick man quietly and gently, and ask him if he would not like to have the priest come and say a few prayers for his recovery. Do not say anything about the Sacraments if you are afraid he will refuse. Simply bring the priest to the sick man, and he will attend to all the rest. Even if the person should refuse-if he has been baptized in the Catholic religion-send for the priest and explain to him the circumstances and dispositions of the sick man. It would be terrible to let
such persons die without the Sacraments if there is any possibility of their receiving them. Even when they refuse to see the priest it generally happens that after he has once visited them, talked to them, and explained the benefits of the Sacraments, they are better pleased than anyone else to see him coming again.

Sometimes it is God´s goodness that sends sickness to such persons, to bring them back to His worship and the practice of their religion. What does a good father generally do with an unruly child? He advises and warns it, and when words have no effect, punishes it with the rod, not because he wishes to see it suffer, but for its good, that it may give up its evil habits and become an obedient, loving child. In like manner God warns sinners by their conscience, by sermons they hear, by accidents or deaths around about them, etc.; and when none of these things have any effect on them, He sends them some affliction-He brings them to a bed of sickness. He punishes them, as it were, with a rod.

This He does, not that He may see them suffer, but for their good; that they may understand He is their Master, the only one who can give them health; that all the doctors and all the friends and money in the world could not save them if He determined that they should die. Then they come to know that the world is not their friend; then they see things as they really are, and begin to think of the next world, of eternity, etc. Thus they again turn to God and to the practices of religion. Many persons who reform and begin to lead good lives in sickness would never have changed if God had left them always in good health. But you must not think that all who are sick are so on account of sin.

Sometimes very holy persons are in a state of sickness, and then it is sent them that they may bear it patiently, and have great merit before God for their sufferings, and thus become more holy. Again, very small children who have never sinned are sick, and then it is perhaps that their parents may have merit for patiently taking care of them. I say that God sometimes sends sickness to persons living in sin for the purpose of bringing them back to a better way of living, and in that case their sickness is for them a great mercy from God, who might have allowed them to continue in sin till His judgments and condemnation came suddenly upon them.

274. Q. Which are the effects of the Sacrament of Extreme Unction?

A. The effects of Extreme Unction are: first, to comfort us in the pains of sickness and to strengthen us against temptations; second, to remit venial sins and to cleanse our soul from the remains of sin; third, to restore us to health when God sees fit.

275. Q. What do you mean by the remains of sin?

A. By the remains of sin I mean the inclination to evil and the weakness of the will, which are the result of our sins and which remain after our sins have been forgiven.

"Remains of sin" that is, chiefly the bad habits we have acquired by sin. If a person does a thing very often, he soon begins to do it very easily, and it becomes, as we say, a habit. So, too, a person who sins very much soon begins to sin easily. This Sacrament therefore takes away the ease in sinning and the desire for past sins acquired by frequently committing them.

276. Q. How should we receive the Sacrament of Extreme Unction?

A. We should receive the Sacrament of Extreme Unction in a state of grace and with lively faith and resignation to the will of God.

277. Q. Who is the minister of the Sacrament of Extreme Unction?

A. The priest is the minister of the Sacrament of Extreme Unction.

The Sacraments that the priest administers in the house are the Sacraments for the sick; namely, Penance, Viaticum, or Holy Communion, and Extreme Unction. The other Sacraments may be administered there in special cases of necessity. You should know what things are to be prepared when the priest comes to administer the Sacraments in your house. They are as follows: A small table covered with a clean white cloth, and on it a crucifix and one or two lighted candles in candlesticks; some holy water in a small vessel, with a sprinkler which you can make by tying together a few leaves or small pieces of palm; a glass of clean water, a tablespoon, and a napkin for the sick person to hold under the chin while receiving; also a piece of white cotton wadding, if the priest should ask for it.

Then you may have ready in another place near at hand some water, a towel, and a piece of bread or lemon for purifying the priest´s fingers; but these things are not always necessary: still, it would be better to have them ready in case the priest should require them, so as not to keep him waiting. Every good Catholic family should have all these things put away carefully in the house. It would be well, though it is not necessary, to keep a special spoon, napkin, etc., for that purpose alone. Sometimes persons are taken ill very suddenly in the night, and when the priest comes they have none of the things they should have; and if their neighbors are as careless as themselves, they will not have them either: so the priest is delayed in giving the Sacraments, or is obliged to administer them in a way that is always disrespectful to Our Lord. If we would make such preparations for the coming of a friend to our house, why should we be so careless when Our Lord comes? If a friend comes when we are not prepared to receive him, we feel very much ashamed, and make a thousand excuses for our want of thought. Therefore provide the things necessary for the administration of these Sacraments in your house, and keep them though they may be seldom if ever required in your family.

When Our Lord comes to visit your house receive Him with all possible respect and reverence. Some good Catholics have the very praiseworthy practice of meeting the priest at the door with a lighted candle when he carries the Blessed Sacrament, and of going before him to the sickroom. This can be done where there is only one family living in the house, or at least in the apartment. All who can do this should do it, because it is in keeping with the wish of the Church. In olden times, and even now in Catholic countries, the priest brings the Blessed Sacrament in procession to the sick. He goes vested as for Benediction, accompanied by altar boys with lighted candles and bells. The people kneel by the way as Our Lord passes. Our Lord is carried in procession always in the church and on the feast of Corpus Christi, on Holy Thursday, and during the Devotion of Forty Hours. The Church would like to have this solemn procession in honor of Our Lord every time the Blessed Sacrament is brought from one place to another. But this cannot always be done in the streets, because there are many persons not Catholics who would insult Our Lord while passing along; and in order to prevent this, the priest brings the Blessed Sacrament to the dying without any outward display. But we should always remember the very great respect due to Our Lord, and do all we can to show it when possible.

278. Q. What is the Sacrament of Holy Orders?

A. Holy Orders is a Sacrament by which bishops, priests, and other ministers of the Church are ordained and receive the power and grace to perform their sacred duties.

"Other ministers," means deacons and subdeacons, properly so-called. When a young man goes to study for the priesthood--after he has discovered that God has called him to that sacred office--he passes several years in learning what is necessary, and in fitting himself for his sacred duties. After some time he receives what is called tonsure; that is, on the day of ordination the bishop cuts a little hair from five places on his head, to show that this young man is giving himself up to God. The tonsure is a mark of the clerical state, and in Catholic countries it is made manifest by keeping a small circular spot on the crown of the head shaved perfectly clean. It reminds the cleric or priest of having dedicated himself to God, and also of the crown of thorns worn by Our Blessed Savior. For this reason some of the holy monks shaved all the hair from their head, with the exception of a little ring, which resembles very much a wreath or crown of hair encircling the head. You often see them thus represented in holy pictures.

After the young student has received the tonsure and studied for a longer time, he receives the four Minor Orders, by which he is permitted to touch the sacred vessels of the altar, and do certain things about the church which laymen have not the right to do, especially to serve Mass. After more preparation he becomes a subdeacon, and then he may wear vestments and assist the celebrant at Solemn Mass. At a Solemn Mass there are three priests in vestments. The priest standing on the platform of the altar and celebrating Mass is called the celebrant; the one who stands just behind him,  generally one step lower, is called the deacon, and the one who stands behind the deacon and on the lower step is called the subdeacon. The one who directs the whole ceremony, and gives signs to the others when to stand, sit down. or kneel, is called the Master of Ceremonies.

When speaking of the Mass, I forgot to tell you something about the different kinds of Masses--that is, different as far as the ceremonies are concerned, for they are all alike in value. First we have the Low Mass, such as the priest says every day and at the early hours on Sundays. It is called low, because there is no display in ceremony about it. Next we have the High Mass—called Missa Cantata (sung)--at which the priest and choir sing in turn. Lastly, we have the Solemn High Mass, at which we have three ministers or priests, and singing by both ministers and choir, as well as all the ceremonies prescribed by the Church. When any of these Masses are said in black vestments they are called Requiem Masses, because the priest offers them for the rest or happy repose of the soul of some dead person or persons, and the word requiem means rest. Vespers is a portion of the Divine Office of the Church. It is sung generally on Sunday afternoon or evening in the church, and is usually followed by Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. It is not a mortal sin to stay from Vespers on Sundays, even willfully, because there is no law of the Church obliging you to attend. Nevertheless all good Catholics will attend Vespers when possible.

To continue about the ministers of the Church: When the subdeacon is ordained a deacon, he can wear still more of the priestly vestments, and also baptize solemnly, preach, and give Holy Communion. After a time the deacon is ordained a priest, and receives power to celebrate Mass and forgive sins. If afterwards the priest should be selected by the Holy Father to be a bishop, he is consecrated; and then he has power to administer Confirmation and Holy Orders, ordaining priests and consecrating bishops. Thus you see there are grades through which the ministers of the Church must pass. First the tonsure, then Minor Orders, then subdeaconship, then deaconship, then priesthood. Nuns, Sisters, Brothers, etc., are not, as some might think, ministers of the Church, because they have never received any of the Holy Orders.

The ordained ministers of the Church can perform the duties of any office for which they have ever been ordained, but not the duties of any office above that to which they have been ordained. For example, a subdeacon cannot take the place of a deacon at Mass, nor a deacon the place of a priest; but a priest may take either of their places, because he has, at one time, been ordained to both these offices.

Altar boys should never forget that they are enjoying a very great privilege in being allowed to take the place of an ordained minister of the Church, and serve Mass without being ordained acolytes.

In olden times princes and noblemen used to seek for this wonderful favor, and count themselves happy if they secured it. Think of it! To stand so near our Blessed Lord that they are able to see His sacred body resting upon the altar, and to offer the wine, which a few minutes later is changed into His very blood!

279. Q. What is necessary to receive Holy Orders worthily?

A. To receive Holy Orders worthily it is necessary to be in the state of grace, to have the necessary knowledge, and a divine call to this sacred office.

"Knowledge"--that is, to be able to learn and to have learned all that a priest should know.

"Divine call," explained before in the explanation of vocation, a word that means call. (See Lesson 6, Q. 51.)

280. Q. How should Christians look upon the priests of the Church?

A. Christians should look upon the priests of the Church as the messengers of God and the dispensers of His mysteries.

"Messengers." Our Lord said to His Apostles: "As the Father sent Me, I also send you." That is, as the heavenly Father sent His Beloved Son, Our Lord, into the world to save men´s souls, so Our Lord sends His Apostles and their successors through the world to save souls. God told the priests of the Old Law that if they did not warn the people of coming dangers they would be held responsible for the people; but if they warned the people and the people did not heed, then the people would be responsible for their own destruction. So, too, in the New Law the priests warn you against sin, and if you do not heed the warning the loss of your soul will be upon yourself. Therefore you should take every warning coming from the ministers of God as you would from Himself, for it is really God that warns you against sin, and the priests are only His agents or instruments. "Dispensers"--that is, those who administer the Sacraments.

281. Q. Who can confer the Sacrament of Holy Orders?

A. Bishops can confer the Sacrament of Holy Orders.

"Confer"--that is, give or administer. So can a cardinal, if he be a bishop, and so can the Holy Father, who is always a bishop, and called bishop of Rome, while Pope of the whole Church. It will be well here to give some explanation about cardinals-who they are, and what they do. In the United States the President has about him ten prominent men selected by himself, and  called his Cabinet. They are his advisers; he consults them on all important matters, and assigns to them various duties. The Holy Father, who is also a ruler-a spiritual ruler-not of one country, but of the whole world, has also a Cabinet, but it is not called by that name: it is called the Sacred College of Cardinals. There are seventy cardinals, to whom the Pope assigns various works in helping him to govern the Church. Some of these cardinals are in different parts of the world, as our own cardinals right here in America. There are cardinals in England, France, Germany, Canada, Spain, etc., but a certain number always remain in Rome with the Holy Father. When a bishop is made cardinal he is raised in dignity in the Church, but he does not receive any greater spiritual power than he had when only a bishop. The cardinals, owing to their high dignity, have many privileges which bishops have not. Their greatest privilege is to take part in the election of a new Pope when the reigning Pope dies.

The Pope dresses in white, the cardinals in red, the bishops in purple, and the priests and other ministers in black. A "Monsignor" is also a title of dignity granted by our Holy Father to some worthy priests. It gives them certain privileges, and the right to wear purple like a bishop. The "Vicar General" is one who is appointed by the bishop in the diocese, and shares his power. In the bishop´s absence he acts as bishop in all temporal and worldly matters and also in some spiritual things, concerning the diocese. A diocese is the extent of country over which a bishop is appointed to rule, as a parish is the extent over which a pastor is appointed to administer the Sacraments and rule under the direction of the bishop. Pastors are also called rectors. Pastor means a shepherd, and rector means a ruler; and as all pastors rule their flocks, pastor and rector mean about the same.

An archbishop is higher than a bishop, though he has no more spiritual power than a bishop. The district over which an archbishop rules contains several dioceses with their bishops, and is called an ecclesiastical province. The bishops in the province are called suffragan bishops, because subject in some things to the authority of the archbishop, who is also called the metropolitan, because bishop of a metropolis or chief city of the province over which he presides.

The archbishop can wear the pallium, a garment worn by the Pope, and sent by him to patriarchs, primates, and archbishops. It is a band of white wool, worn over the shoulders and around the neck after the manner of a stole. It has two strings of the same material and four black or purple crosses worked upon it. It is the symbol of the plenitude of pastoral jurisdiction conferred by the Holy See. Morally speaking, it reminds the wearer how the good shepherd seeks  the lost sheep and brings it home upon his shoulders, and how the loving pastor of souls should seek those spiritually lost and bring them back to the Church, the true fold of Christ.

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular