metronidazole yvembarazo propranolol in the philippines cod liver oil and tamoxifen afraid to take cipro amoxicillin abgesetzt alkohol paxil effects coming off normal estradiol levels uk amoxicillin 125mg syrups how to wean off bupropion hcl xl does prednisone cause pupils to dilate acyclovir cream vs pill if i take 4000 mg of quetiapine qill i die metformin sleeplessness generico nexium 40 mg topamax dosage for weight loss cialist ghb amitriptyline pregnancy risk allegra versace peso kann man viagra auch in der apotheke kaufen amoxil sachets 3g sucrose free zyprexa strattera teeth bleaching for tetracycline stains lipitor empty stomach how much spironolactone should i take transgender finasteride side effects onset estrace after egg transfer ventolin dental implications can prednisone stunt growth in dogs singulair application can viagra be used for anything else nizoral crema ketoconazolo singulair plus benadryl use of atorvastatin 10 mg when was metronidazole patented and who makes it what dose of aviagra to use does ondansetron come in a nasal spray form how soon does diflucan work for men azithromycin drug drug interaction does lexapro cross the blood brain barrier pristiq and levitra ciprofloxacin tablets usp safe during pregnancy how long does it take to see results on propecia is there a new alternative to propecia lexapro weaning side effects clomid twins days 3 7 or days 5 9 can i take loratadine and allegra wellbutrin tussin dm nebenwirkung viagra where to buy liquid viagra from womens viagra free sample propecia 6 months hairline results albuterol and motrin interactions brand viagra canada online diflucan x lui preturi pentru viagra propecia helps front synthroid 125 side effects fluconazole mercury drug buy clopidogrel hydrogen sulphate tablets augmentin 1g bid and breastfeed generic diovan hct 160 25 how long do you take fluconazole for ringworm flagyl tablet 400 mg india metronidazole gel white clumps erythromycin face wash how much is thae ciprofloxacin ciprodin clomid mild cramps griseofulvin dogs viagra bestill kegunaan mobic thyroxine pdf enhance effects of levitra clopidogrel aspirin tablets shelf life levofloxacin price walmart gabapentin la gi keflex tablet sizes naltrexone gabapentin mobicity motorola razr make viagra drink enhancement cialis what is better for anxiety prozac or zoloft harga obat seroquel 200 mg allegra main beach does lisinopril cause lack of zinc stomach bloating from synthroid viagra maxium dosage precio de ciprofloxacino 500 mg en mexico tetracycline caries anafranil perte de cheveux does anyone find that levitra does not work with food what does sams club pharmacy charge for viagra fluconazole 150 mg tablet price at cvs orlistat tablets in sri lanka gabapentin and mountain biking posso trocar paxil cr por citalopram viagra from pfiser india acyclovir ointment otc in canada paxil and ocd amoxicillin dosage for swimmers ear prometrium 400mg oral 7 days contre indication avec viagra gabapentin cream buy buspar and itching ranbaxy azithromycin tablets reviews amoxicillin trihydrate ca 250 mg doxycycline dose regimen cvs pharmacy escitalopram mgh coumadin clinic venda xenical generico evening primrose oil cymbalta doxycycline for cancer viagra 100 mg and sleep does flomax have to be taken at bedtime side effects while taking accutane propecia before and after women linezolid order form antiviral cream for infants in indian brand wellbutrin akathisia how much is nexium without insurance linezolid ip 600 mg side effects nexium 20mg pdf terbinafine tablets tinea versicolor yahoo answers amoxicillin difficulty sleeping digoxin sirop generic4all tadalafil 4 1 0 are suprax and azithromycin in the same family meloxicam al 7 5 mg tabletten when to take pantoprazole while taking levothyroxine duloxetine aripiprazole interaction celebrex adverse reactions neurontin 10mg how long to see results from spironolactone alli vs xenical ketopine shampoo ketoconazole skin misoprostol and mifepristone for abortion ciproxin e coliche renali dosage of azithromycin in kids wth utis does viagra sustain an erection prednisone for poison ivy while breastfeeding natural alternative to prednisone for back pain clomid 6 days instead of 5 furosemide indications use how does ketoconazole work for facial dandruff metoprolol succinate twice daily dosing cytotec es legal en colombia when do you get your period after taking clomid propecia price walgreens 5mg lexapro clomid 100 mg or 150 mg prednisone schedule for hives cuanto cuesta lamisil capsulas how long until valacyclovir kicks in what to do if you miss a dose of zithromax erythromycin tablet for throat infection pakistan lamisil chemical formula get cialis in nicosia buy pet doxycycline uk neurontin good or bad for hot flashes can i take meloxicam 15mg and ibuprofen 800 amlodipine benazepril looks like accidental seroquel overdose side effects aciclovir 800 mg dosage tenormin 25 discontinued generic nizoral 2 shampoo cialis to buy without prescription ketoconazole cream untuk panu lisinopril versus atenolol ciprofloxacin 500mg side effects what is thyroxine composed of el misoprostol se toma via oral flomax mr 400 microgram mylan generic prozac reviews side effects of via grace when using nitroglycerin viagra jellies discount tamsulosin cheap viagra 120 mg tamsulosin hcl cost does prednisone help colitis can i get energy off chewing a wellbutrin xenical 120 posologie singulair makes me cough cod liver oil and tamoxifen mail order cipro furosemide amiloride hcl sildenafil calor how long for gabapentin to help migraines how does acyclovir work on herpes ladee pink viagra pills amoxicillin antibiotic expiration what is the name of misoprostol in the phillippines celebrex and depression albumin and lasix diuresis kamagra oral gel buy tetracycline amoxicillin auf deutsch prednisone for opiate withdrawal how quickly does nolvadex work in a pct effects of prednisone on testosterone viagra strong pret topamax alcohol side effects amlodipine side effect urination nizoral vs canesten price of 100 mg viagra at walmart antibiotic stronger than azithromycin tamsulosin 0 4 wirkung terbinafine spray cost india how to make natural garlic viagra in pakistan in urdu is it illegal to sell viagra on ebay valtrex for warts metformin used for polycystic ovarian syndrome side effects drug glucophage does shopper drug mart sell azithromycin over counter comprar viagra en lima strenght of acyclovir tablets olanzapine relprevv nhs clomiphene citrate 50 mg dosage carvedilol 6.25 price nursing implications for metronidazole amlodipine 2.5mg side effects brain fog can wellbutrin help with nail biting purchase propecia canada classification of medication synthroid pastillas cytotec en olx en argentina sildenafil citrate flashback viagra and nausea and trembling singulair and benadryl interactions minitran amitriptyline how much does one propecia talet cost retail atorvastatin cocrystal bactrim prophylaxis for pcp dose can gabapentin cause rib pain doxycycline 30 mg for cats alkohol und baclofen forum can i take extenze with celexa atorvastatin 3d molecule amoxicillin 500 mg and nyquil vimovo vs celebrex indicaciones del inderal lilly for cymbalta androgel vs viagra cipro and intestinal flora cialis price in bangalore alprazolam and tamoxifen que puedo tomar como viagra amoxicillin in third trimester pregnancy levofloxacin 500 mg chlamydia atarax pediatrique vidal propecia schizophrenia amlodipine sandoz eco 10 can lexapro cause you to go crazy can you drink green tea and take digoxin augmentin dispensing does propecia get rid of inflammation ciprofloxacino e yasmin montelukast swelling where to buy zovirax in malaysia contraindicaciones orlistat prednisone post tonsillectomy baclofen 25 cena antidepressants pregnancy breastfeeding flomax adverse events preco do remedio cymbalta cialis generico farmacias guadalajara the proper use of viagra rosacea and doxycycline hyclate neurontin ja panacod lexapro and tyrosine cipla lamisil india gabapentin actavis 300 mg alkohol can i have wine while on augmentin 1200 mg prednisone metronidazole for sale online cialis lili bactrim and junel fe cialis 5mg sertraline champix pfizer uk 10mg accutane chemones liquid tadalafil finasteride esperienza metronidazole side effects mouth sores uses of ketoconazole cream and tablet tabletki xenical na odchudzanie comprare viagra generico con postepay does azithromycin in 5 days cure chlamydia apo azithromycin z walmart topiramate price ketoconazole cream for acne seroquel 93 8166 levofloxacino serve q off counter viagra how to get rid of viagra stuffy deja view seroxat paroxetine remeron 15 vs 30 azithromycin tablets for sore throat como se pide un viagra what is tetracycline antibiotic i took levaquin 12 hours ago can i drink alcohol glucophage ibuprofen prescribed clomid when already ovulating lisinopril creatinine increase xeloda us sales lisinopril htz and prostate problems finasteride uk liquid form does wellbutrin get into breast milk bactrim ds what is it used for reviews on female viagra griseofulvin microsize vs ultramicrosize does zoloft cause rls where can i buy kamagra in bahrain clozaril et anmeie sildenafil otras marcas difference between metformin xr and metformin lisinopril side effects high ivermectin no prescription synthroid 125 color zithromax sd 2g zofran odt 4mg at walmart paulie principen generic for septra used for staph infection abstinencia de paxil most common metformin how to purchase azithromycin 1 gm powder packet zyban wellbutrin sr bupropion gabapentin nel cane how much is misoprostol at dischem south africa duloxetine walmart prices propranolol lange termijn phenergan does phenergan 25mg work fast paxil agonist xn--b1afpdqbb8d.xn--p1ai thyroxine and antibiotics levofloxacin adalah lipitor dosing information salep ketoconazole buat ibu hamil paroxetine verhogen ludwig allegra md seattle mirtazapine tamoxifen interaction zoloft cause weight loss or gain metronidazole martindale valacyclovir baownbeuv canada what does asomycin 250mg erythromycin treat viagra overnite shipping nexium 40 mg twice daily side effects amaryl sr order levitra generic levaquin ears ringing lh surge 3 days after clomid paxil plavix antibiotik metronidazole untuk ibu hamil voorschrift voor viagra side effects of lisinopril back ache nexium and heart stents diovan coupon 90 day took clomid too soon antibiotic yan etkisi nedir cialis generic levitra review viagra ventolin capsule dosage for adults differnce between fake viagra taperinf off prednisone itchy skin celexa dosage 30 mg priligy available pharmacy in sri lanka kamagra drill jelly deutschland lasix 80 mg dose components of viagra melatonin paxil black viagra sun can you be too young for viagra tadalafil 5mg manipulado meloxicam 8mg bula does celexa cause weight gain or loss mylan bupropion libido pristiq iv form lasix equivalent to lasix pill zyprexa street value and use how much does generic wellbutrin xl cost chances of getting pregnant on clomid the first month 4000 mg of metformin order propecia proscar femara cancro mammella terbinafine pills online can you take ibuprofen with famciclovir price taking viagra india delhi can taking amoxicillin affect heartbeat does everyone get side effects from accutane can you mix nyquil with clomid

An Evangelical Ignatius?

Rick Warren, pastor for Saddleback Church in Lake Forest, Calif., has written a kind of Spiritual Exercises for today’s evangelical Christian. While The Purpose Driven Life shares much in common with the work of Saint Ignatius, the differences …
by Jay Dunlap | Source:
Review of: The Purpose Driven Life, by Rick Warren
Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan. Copyright 2002

The Spiritual Exercises of Saint Ignatius Loyola is one of the towering spiritual masterpieces of all time. Though originally designed for thirty days of silence with five intense meditations each day, the Exercises have been adapted for everything from short weekend retreats to a lengthy, nine-month process.

Rick Warren, pastor for thousands of families at the bustling Saddleback Church in Lake Forest, Calif., has written a kind of Spiritual Exercises for today’s evangelical Christian. While The Purpose Driven Life shares much in common with the work of Saint Ignatius, the differences are profound enough to call into question its usefulness for Catholic readers.

Ignatius’s program calls for four “weeks” of intense prayer (though the amount of time spent on each week can vary widely, depending on the retreatants’ needs). The first week focuses on God’s love and the call to reconciliation; week two emphasizes meditating deeply on Christ through the gospels; week three involves knowing Christ even more deeply through his Passion and death; week four looks at Christ’s resurrection and calls the retreatant to commit himself to serving Christ.

Warren’s book comprises forty chapters, each a meditation for a day. They fit into five categories, the “five purposes” for which Warren says we are created: “worship - you were planned for God's pleasure; fellowship - you were formed to be part of God's family; discipleship - you were created to become like Christ; ministry - you were shaped for God's service; mission - you were made to tell others about Christ.” Though not dependent on a retreat master or spiritual director, as Ignatius’s Exercises are, Warren does recommend going through his forty lessons with at least one companion for purposes of discussion, support and accountability.

But The Purpose Driven Life is not simply an updated or expanded Spiritual Exercises. In fact, nowhere does Warren even refer to Ignatius.

The first essential difference is one in Warren’s favor, at least at first glance. He has written in an engaging, readable, first-person style. His text is full of insights from Scripture and daily experience; he explains clearly and insightfully the difference between a Christian view of the human person and what one gets from pop psychology and self-help manuals. Occasionally he lets loose with a riff of rhyming slogans that bring to the mind’s ear the eloquence of an inspired evangelical preacher: “Don’t repress it; confess it! Don’t conceal it; reveal it. Revealing your feeling is the beginning of healing” (p. 213).

Ignatius, on the other hand, wrote a manual for a much deeper spiritual experience that puts the burden on retreatant and retreat director. Many read the Spiritual Exercises and come away unimpressed. That’s because the Exercises aren’t to be read, they’re to be explored through hours of deep meditation and contemplation. This is harder work than reading and reflecting on Warren’s forty chapters. It makes Warren’s book far more accessible, but at a price.

The second major difference is the most troubling. While Warren quotes from a number of Catholic sources – St. Iranaeus, St. John of the Cross, Mother Theresa, Henri Nouwen – this is definitely not a Catholic book. He doesn't embrace sacramental grace. Communion receives only a passing reference; baptism is hailed as necessary not for the saving grace it achieves but because it “symbolizes” the “fellowship” to which all Christians are called.

As one might expect, Warren makes several references to being “born again,” but this is never connected to baptism, which is the Catholic understanding of it.

What is missing here is not only sacramental theology but the Catholic sacramental imagination. For instance, consider his contention that “There is no such thing as ‘Christian’ music; there are only Christian lyrics. It is the words that make a song sacred, not the tune” (p. 66). Warren is tone-deaf, so to speak, to the reality that created things, including art, affect us because of their objective nature. As the Church has long noted and reaffirmed at Vatican II, some music is sacred by its nature; other music is profane. What else accounts for the recent popularity of monastic chant recordings? It’s certainly not because the audience has any idea what the Latin words mean. It’s the inherent sacredness of the music.

Another example of the absence of Catholic imagination: Warren rails against the contemplative life “alone in a mountaintop monastery.” He writes that we are called to remain engaged in the world. Perhaps he should read the Story of a Soul to learn how a contemplative nun could become patron saint of missionaries.

It is sad that Warren’s otherwise excellent book fails on these accounts. If one is a well-formed Catholic looking for a helpful, readable resource, The Purpose Driven Life could be useful. The risk, however, is the book in the hands of the poorly formed Catholic who, experiencing the many blessings it presents, is unable to discern its weaknesses. If Warren were open to it, it would make sense to edit a Catholic version of the book, one that would make it safe in the hands of those whose understanding of the faith is undeveloped.

Media commentator Jay Dunlap writes from New Haven, Conn. He is a contributor to the National Catholic Register, This Rock and other Catholic periodicals.

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular