colcrys 0.6 clozapine side effects spc chart do ciproflaxin and tulenol 3 wotk well tigeyher cheep viagra uk viagra latest side effects buy clomid online reviews piroxicam 4mg dexamethasone dogs inj.nitroglycerin prize zyprexa relprevv dosage viagra free pill how much does finasteride cost at walmart fungsi hervis acyclovir from wat age is amoxil 250g taken z pack antibiotics dextromethorphan hydrobromide uk dosis amoxicillin per kg para que sirve nexium 40 mg demadex 50 mg lipitor 80 mg gout celebrex terbinafine tablet in hindi albuterol sulfate inhalation solution 0.083 espanol dextromethorphan hydrobromide 5 mg why is buspar making me feel weird antidote for zofran bactrim doses for skin infection how fast does valtrex work cheap orlistat tablets does neurontin help back pain augmentin over the counter hctz dose equivalebt to lasix can zithromax be taken together with doxycline metformin 800 mg cheapest viagra brand 80 mg prednisone taper for bronchitis side affects otc pct with nolvadex 400 mg gabapentin cost no insurance metformina alkohol ketoconazole flagyl lipitor uk buy is it normal for diflucan to not work can robaxin be taken with gabapentin can withdrawal fron amlodipine cause headache fluconazole for candida rash pfizer diflucan price in india side effect of propranolol hydrochloride 20 mg in study what does a 5mg amitriptyline tablet look like otc naproxen suppository kesaksian para peminum xenical augmentin 625 plus uses is augmentin part of the ciprofloxacin 12 10mg day prednisone for poison ivy zaroxolyn before or after lasix buy clomid post cycle paroxetine 10mg tablets lexapro timeline can i take ondansetron hcl 4 mg with valium can u take zyrtec with gabapentin how dies amoxicillin make you feel vodka and zoloft how long does zofran last can clomid be taken during pregnancy hindi obat levofloxacin 750 mg lipitor 3 times a week hydrochlorothiazide and rashes ciprofloxacin 250 mg tablet buy doxycycline monohydrate online metronidazole gel clumpy discharge cuanto cuesta montelukast en mexico depo provera cost ontario arimidex after 5 years what is clonidine used for hcl 0.1mg alcohol and azithromycin interaction depo provera pregnancy atarax para que sirve can i buy thyroxine online fish pox antibiotics in uk levitra 10 mg best price trade name for prednisone kosten seroquel 50 mg i drank a antibiotic taste like sperm should you take bupropion and escitalopram at.sametime buy synthroid 175 mcg albuterol inhaler cost india tamoxifen dosage on cycle bactrim medicine does it need refrigeration doxazosina efectos secundarios xeloda 1000 mg is quetiapine same as valuim cheapest place get singulair lamisil tablets australia how long does i celexa pscho med stay in systen order cialis online prescription finasteride after 2 months buy levitra from china doxazosin 8 mg apotex levosulpiride ranitidineesomeprazole mirtazapine to lorazepam eguivaliant venta de cytotec santa marta ciprofloxacin hcl 500 mg every 12 hours citalopram orgasm cialas serophene cuando tener relaciones tamulosin flomax estrogen diovan 325 can you snort gabapentin 300mg will doxycycline treat ear or tooth infection cymbalta lexapro paxil together pablo tablet is antibiotic or not gremax antibiotics indikasi dexamethasone sodium phospate finasteride testicles zevin cream acyclovir misoprostol cytolog tablets price albuterol inhaler for cough 2yr prometrium 200 mg suppositories side effects tamsulosin bioequivalence study can you inject atarax k12 wellbutrin 681 buy fluconazole in manila kegunaan dexamethasone cheap cialis viagra online how to safely stop taking metoprolol succinate donde se puede comprar misoprostol en mendoza argentina acyclovir make in vietnam cost of montelukast sodium at cvs lisinopril angioedema class action lawsuit clonidine 0.1 mg patch cialis side effects with toprol 10 mg baclofen vs phenibut mg telmisartan teva 20 mg tablets does nizoral shampoo lower testosterone in the body does anthem insurance cover cialis tetracycline anorexia nexiumcostco and nexium phenergan syrup netherlands cyproheptadine 4 mg what it for generic lexapro cost is 100mg levothyroxine a high dose gabapentin 300 mg reviews tablet amaryl m1 can doxycycline and flagyl affect pregnancy where can i buy bactrim does tadalafil give anyone delayed ejaculation taking fluoxetine tab 20mg andbuprop 24xl together does valacyclovir hcl 1 gram have penicillan in it penggunaan salep chloramphenicol generic zovirax side effects generic nolvadex bodybuilding inderal retard mitis 80 mg alternatives viagra patent australia expiry doxycycline 6 months acne can you take septra with milk levaquin 100mg does zoloft withdrawal go away montelukast tabletas de 20mg buy inderal online canada quetiapine uk fungsi atorvastatin 20 mg metronidazole 250 mg for dogs and black stool mirtazapine and effexor at night lamisil taking levofloxacin for spider bite levofloxacin para que serve half life of single dose 1g azithromycin prednisone dosage for poisen ivy zithromax 2g disadvantages of nitroglycerin ointment mercado libre guadalajara medicamento montelukast efek farmakodinamik tetracycline quien vende cytotec chat en face buy estrace cream uk estrace 0.5 mg tab side effects wellbutrin 450 mg and night terrors buspar and ocd pemakaian levofloxacin atomoxetine oral in rite aid ciprodac 500 is useful for throat pain can i take panadol nights along with augmentin metronidazole espanol can i drink wine while taking cipro 500 mg where was the celebrex body in motion tv ad filmed bt474 tamoxifen montelukast price in pakistan cozaar 50mg pre?§o fluoxetine 10 mg taking wellbutrin and concerta together balding 200mg sertraline and pregnancy albuterol sulfate damange lungs is there an otc medicine similar to lasix 40 mg kamagra gold 3000 cephalexin vs amoxicillin can you snort 10mg lexapro cytotec mendoza valtrex 1000 provera 10mg for 10 days side effects sertraline withdrawal procedure priligy online sales valacyclovir philippines prednisone 40mg for throat pain can testosterone booster interfere with zoloft buy cheap colchicine chemist warehouse cymbalta 120 mg wellbutrin and wine metronidazole for gastritis ketoconazole 200 mg tablets for dogs moduretic hydrochlorothiazide xenical 120 mg review how much is on nairalandtabs acyclovir 400mgs efectos secundarios del lisinopril 40 mg nursing implications for plavix telmisartantablets ip 40mg famciclovir buy online uk prednisone side effects 20 mg zyprexa olanzapina 5mg buy clonidine online no prescription the price of prednisone 10mg tablets at cosco estradiol 1 mg weight loss glucophage taken by accident cytotec adverse effect malaysia linezolid stability zyprexa 5mg dosage azithromycin price at walmart buy cialis professional uk engorda el estradiol plasmatico can 150mg of thyroxine cause anxiety pastilla meloxicam bupropion hydrochloride 100mg side effects effects fexofenadine and montelukast on lactation actos 15 mg benefits paroxetine side effects in women albuterol sulfate for sale in uk colchicine 1mg opocalcium colchicine what other drugs are like diltiazem hcl er 360 mg cap 40 mg lisinopril at walmart pharmacy acne from prednisone treatment inderal and thyroid storm buy albuterol online canada avodart dutasteride price can u take flexeril while taking clopidogrel canyou take 4 5 mg cialis zithromax antibiotic 250mg 6 capcel montelukast 10 mg improves nasal function tetracycline 500 mg cost pregnancy signs with clomid kimia farma ciprofloxacin cialis viagra in nairobi atomoxetine with ecitalopram oxalate by hplc paxil 20 mg wikipedia cyproheptadine syrup high common side effects cymbalta 60 mg side effects going from 10mg to 15 mg celexa what is difference between sotalol and adalat oros fungsi voltaren gel benicar 40 mg 12.5 mg buy propecia eu metronidazole 4oo tds use which disease augmentin no prescription dexamethasone 2 mg tab kamagra 365 celexa puffy eyes can you sniff lexapro generic levitra from india lexapro 40 mg and flexerill 10 mg doxycycline hyclate can it work for skin abscess propranolol retard 80 obat apa zithromax azithromycin 500mg can i crush metronidazole 500 tablets tome el misoprostol diluido can you give a dog human atarax fluconazole side effects and nutrients interaction harga singulair 10mg viagra sale harrow naproxen dosage uk doxycycline for dogs side effects buy montelukast and breast implants can i take oxycodone with levaquin cost of tamsulosin xl does nexium build up in your system buy evista raloxifene the current selling price of flagyl injection metronidazole vaginal gel is for uti viagra 8 dostinex adetliyken kullanilirmi can i take gabapentin 4 times a day ciprofloxacin cost in manila what happens if u smoke crank while taking coreg amoxicillin syrup conc in egypt effects injection digoxin ppt dutasteride .5mg harga azithromycin dan kegunaannya muscle relaxant baclofen can it show up in a ua is losartan ht as bad as benicar can iron supplements with celexa cause ticks lisinopril y hydrochlorothiazid presios en costa rica can i use doxycycline and diflucan together para q sirve la pastilla priligy en bogota tab cytotec in qatar ciprofloxacino and ciprofloxacin the same prednisone 20 mg price philippines ketoconazole cream hair growth side effects of using benicar and smoking blue cross coverage for cialis provera still no period buy nolvadex gyno can you take sertraline with oxycontin generic for plavix available kamagra fast 2 can you take vitamins with metoprolol succinate diflucan 200 mg candida viagra purchase paypal does ciprobay xr 100mg treat a stomach infection chrons singulair 4mg chewable tablet lowest dose of zyprexa cabergoline 0.5 mg price paroxetine hcl 10 mg generic how to buy viagra in newzealand clopidogrel bisulf retail cost albuterol inhaler bodybuilding 1000 mg zithromax for acne nizoral shampoo availability in pakistan buy cabergoline canada can galvus metformin cause dry irritating cough tamsulosin combined to finasteride manufacturers europe how does amitriptyline hcl 10mg treat bedwetting ubat atarax 25mg flomax bambini 400 mg supposte should women take tamsulosin 0.4 mg capsule gabapentin saved my life baclofen 3k2 can i take aleave with citalopram hbr 10 mg and lispril do you go 5mg of citalopram before you quit citalopram 10mg tablets anxiety do the dissolvable zofran work if swallowed can doxycycline clean weed out ur system will 6 mgs of stromectol kill scabes augmentin prospect adulti 875 furosemide with or without food estradiol online pharmacy hydrochlorothiazide mg novartis diovan sales buy montelukast uk viagra for guys without ed can i take a 10mg rizatriptan after lortab caninine prednisone dosages misoprostol onli topiramate prices walgreens veeline viagra augmentine 1g and pregnancy can you take aropax and zyban bactrim for tx of diverticulitis misoprostol cytotec quien vende can you take nyquil with desyrel demadex vs lasix for weightloss cipro sinus infection guna olanzapine inderal labs vega 50 erection paroxetine cost cialis daily use amoxicillin 500mg dogs side effects escitalopram price out of pocket propranolol in scorpion bite

Couples Ask: What’s Wrong With In-vitro Fertilization?

Catholic teaching has called in-vitro fertilization techniques immoral for decades. But most Catholics still haven’t heard the news.
by Tim Drake | Source:
SACRAMENTO, Calif. — Catholic teaching has called in-vitro fertilization techniques immoral for decades. But most Catholics still haven’t heard the news.

California attorneys Anthony and Stephanie Epolite found out the hard way that in-vitro fertilization wasn’t all it’s cracked up to be. After years of marriage, and facing her 39th birthday still without a baby, Stephanie turned to a fertility clinic.

Two years and $25,000 later, the couple had nothing but frustration and embarrassment to show for the time spent on in-vitro fertilization (in-vitro fertilization).

“We were emotionally, financially and spiritually spent,” Stephanie Epolite said. “The clinic did no diagnostic tests. They loaded me up with fertility medication and determined the right time for retrieval of my eggs.”

But, after the retrieval and the mixing of the eggs with Anthony’s sperm in the laboratory, still no embryo developed. “In the end, they told me I just had old eggs,” Stephanie said.

She wishes she had known at the beginning what she has since learned: The Catholic Church forbids fertility techniques that try to make babies outside of marital intercourse. “There is no education out there about the alternatives,” she said, “so Catholics are flocking to the fertility clinics.”

According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, infertility affects more than 6 million American women and their spouses, or about 10% of the reproductive-age population. About 5% of infertile couples use in-vitro fertilization.

As to how many Catholic couples are among them, figures are hard to come by. But many Catholics seem unaware of the immorality of the procedure.

“Anecdotally, from our consultation experience here, Catholics using reproductive technologies are generally unaware of the Church’s moral teaching in this area,” said Dr. Peter Cataldo, director of research with the Boston-based National Catholic Bioethics Center. “They’re not hearing it from the pulpit or elsewhere.”

In her teaching on human reproduction, the Church seeks to safeguard human dignity. God wants life “to be the result of an act of love by those committed to loving each other,” philosophy professor Janet Smith has written. Anything that assists the conjugal act achieve its purpose of procreation is licit; anything that substitutes for it is not.

In No. 2377, the Catechism explains why the Church opposes methods that separate marital love-making from baby-making.

“They dissociate the sexual act from the procreative act. The act which brings the child into existence is no longer an act by which two persons give themselves to one another, but one that entrusts the life and identity of the embryo into the power of doctors and biologists and establishes the domination of technology over the origin and destiny of the human person. Such a relationship of domination is in itself contrary to the dignity and equality that must be common to parents and children. Under the moral aspect procreation is deprived of its proper perfection when it is not willed as the fruit of the conjugal act, that is to say, of the specific act of the spouses’ union.”

In successful in-vitro fertilization, a human life comes into existence outside the conjugal act and outside the womb. Conception is the result of a technician’s manipulation of “reproductive materials.” The process for the collection of sperm often necessitates masturbation, which is itself immoral.

Father Tadeusz Pacholczyk, director of education at the National Catholic Bioethics Center in Philadelphia, explained that the Church teaches that the procedure is immoral for several reasons. “It undermines the meaning of sex. It violates the exclusivity of the couple’s marriage covenant,” Father Pacholczyk said. “It says that it is okay to manufacture life in a laboratory as if it were a commodity, when it should be the result of human love.”

“There’s also the ancillary evil of freezing embryonic humans that are later abandoned or poured down the sink if they are not useful,” he added.

In addition, Father Pacholczyk noted that babies created through in-vitro fertilization have an elevated risk of birth defects.

“Studies have shown a sixfold elevated risk for in-vitro fertilization children contracting an eye disease called retinal blastoma versus normally conceived babies,” he said. “In-vitro fertilization is very unnatural. You’re extracting ova from the woman, culturing them and inspecting the developing embryo in a laboratory setting. They are in a completely unnatural environment for a very long time before they are put back into the womb.

“Commercial interests offer in-vitro fertilization as standard practice,” Father Pacholczyk said. “The Catholic Church is the only voice opposed to it.”

But there are morally acceptable alternatives to in-vitro fertilization, and Dr. Thomas Hilgers is trying to let more Catholic couples know that.

In response to Humanae Vitae, Pope Paul VI’s 1968 encyclical reaffirming the Church’s opposition to contraception, Hilgers devoted his life to the study of human reproduction, developing the Creighton Model System of Natural Family Planning and eventually opening the Pope Paul VI Institute for the Study of Human Reproduction.

In 1991, Hilgers coined the term NaProTechnology (Natural Procreative Technology), a reproductive and gynecologic medical science that seeks to evaluate and treat a host of women’s health problems without the use of contraception, sterilization, abortion or artificial reproductive technologies, thereby making it consistent with Church teachings.

NaProTechnology first identifies the causes of infertility and then seeks to treat them. That’s not always the case at fertility clinics.

“The aim of most fertility clinics is to skip over the abnormality to try to get women pregnant,” Hilgers said. “Yet when you skip over the causes, you end up dealing with them one way or another.

“It’s ludicrous to promote in-vitro fertilization as the help for the vast majority of 6.62 million with impaired fertility,” he said. “When you listen to the national news and morning television shows, you think that in-vitro fertilization is the only thing available to infertile couples, yet less than 0.5% of infertile couples in the U.S. are helped by in-vitro fertilization each year.”

Catholic theologians and ethicists would agree that NaProTechnology is morally acceptable, Cataldo said.

Cataldo pointed out that “certain drug therapies and egg-stimulating medications at doses that don’t have disproportionate risks for the children engendered or for the mother” also are acceptable. But other technologies, such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) and gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) fall into a “gray area.”

“Some moral theologians and ethicists see these techniques as assisting the conjugal act. Others see it as replacing it,” he said. “Until such time as the Vatican speaks, Catholics contemplating the use of IUI or GIFT should inform themselves of both sides of the moral and theological argument and then make a decision in good conscience.”

Regardless of the artificial method chosen, the cost of such techniques remains high and the success rates low. According to the 2001 Assisted Reproductive Technology Success Rates report compiled by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, a survey of 384 fertility clinics showed a clinical pregnancy success rate of 32%.

In a 1990 article published in Social Justice Review, then-associate director of the U.S. Catholic bishops’ Pro-Life Secretariat Richard Doerflinger noted that a survey of in-vitro fertilization clinics discovered that half of the clinics had never had a live birth after being in business at least three years, collectively treating more than 600 women and collecting $2.5 million for their services.

“Those with the extraordinary emotions that engulf infertile couples are extremely vulnerable,” Hilgers said. “They are easy prey.”

Not only do natural and morally acceptable alternatives such as NaProTechnology cost far less, but they also are more successful. The Pope Paul VI Institute boasts success rates ranging from 38% to 80%, depending upon the condition being treated.

Following the Epolites’ experience with in-vitro fertilization, Stephanie learned about the Pope Paul VI Institute from a Natural Family Planning counselor. In the fall of 2000, the couple applied to the institute, gathered charts they had kept that outlined vital signs related to fertility, and underwent diagnostic testing.

As it turned out, both had reproductive issues that their previous fertility clinic had never diagnosed. Anthony’s sperm count was low, and Stephanie suffered from endometriosis and blocked fallopian tubes.

Six months later, following treatment of their conditions at the Pope Paul VI Institute and at the age of 42, Stephanie conceived naturally. Their daughter, Claire Marie, was born Oct. 31, 2002.

“At the Pope Paul VI Institute, we saw compassion, concern, help and love,” Stephanie said. “They provided individualized treatment, versus the empty feeling that we felt from the fertility clinic. Whereas the fertility clinic bypasses all the laws of nature, the Pope Paul VI Institute works with the laws of nature.”

Tim Drake writes from St Cloud, Minnesota.

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular