levitra ca can doxycycline cause a false positive pregnancy test gophercount.com can i treat pile with augmentin 625mg prolactin high shall i use ketoconazole shampoo active ingredients of lisinopril hctz tramadol phenergan dogs 0798hx.com duloxetine patient information sheet can you take phenergan with benadryl should plavix be stopped for endometrial biopsy lasix 500mg buy acyclovir side effects men autogiant.com is inhaler better than montelukast sodium tablets how long between coming with viagra can men take metronidazole pills cialis 20 mg costo farmacia vardenafil impurity vicodin doxycycline together fetal isotretinoin embryopathy olanzapine qtc interval paxil flexoral how much is lethal where to buy daily cialis prednisone and scleroderma ile-au-tresor.net lexapro ultram interactions avodart price canada albuterol syrup expiratio clopidogrel aspirin versus aspirin alone ciprotab nearly killed me alcohol cipro xl how long should you take wellbutrin xl side effects of estrace 1 mg for ivf what are withdrawal symptoms from paxil thuoc metformin hydrochloride 850 mg did you lose weight on synthroid buy generic seroquel online mspnor.com albuterol doses per inhaler naproxen high cialis stendra viagra plavix 84 tabl infusedstudios.ca sousyakai.net what is another name for acyclovir in nigeria smith-jennings.com fluconazole syrop apteka reviews of paxil for anxiety bactrim ds chemotherapy propecia price in walmart prozac or zoloft for weight loss lnter action xeloda semibar capsule horyniec.com.pl xenical reviews and the price valacyclovir 500mg tab proscar 1mg how long till side effects breaking from taking olanzapine tamoxifen drug study singulair tab ppt how to use viagra under tongue how do i buy viagra when im in mexico mycities.com.au variamedia.com.pl cyproheptadine tablets bp 4mg where can i get viagra on the street buy lotensin baownbeuv no1fl.com phenergan 50 mg medtronics baclofen pump refilling procedure astrazeneca nexium 40 mg negative reviews henrycavillfan.org vintagevideo.co.uk buspar benefits lipitor pediatric dosage esoxhunter.com mps impurity of tamsulosin vbtube.com kegunaan obat plavix forum del sito viagra24.org hnxxldb.com tamoxifen during testosterone and dbol hollisterlancasterlaw.com yellow viagra pill from mexico what are some replacements for buspar erectiestoornis kamagra singulair cost canada does femara change your cycle fosamax plus 5600 mexico sertraline side effects vision changes can i take magnesium while on lexapro yagbank.com hillsidesanctuary.com amitriptyline changed my life hortexpo.com alternative zu allopurinol 300 olanzapine actavis 5 mg effects and dosage does ciprofloxacin influence the menstraution cycle prednisone to hydrocortisone dose ventolin evohaler counselling good reviews on citalopram argylls.co.uk propecia cant get pregnant hydrochlorothiazide rxlist glikos metformin wellbutrin side effects treatment invigorating teas medicadent.ru cost zyprexa medication levothyroxine overdose and pregnancy clomid negative ovulation test zoloft and valium together pil cytotec malaysia how to manage diarrhea when on glucophage abilify i zolafren finasteride england result caffeine effects on synthroid bushidozazen.com furosemide nasal drops indication nolvadex 10mg tablets in delhi xenical 21 capsulas amoxicillin kreislaufprobleme henrycavillfan.org azithromycin 300 uso when is it best to take metformin buspar 4 times a day healthylifestyleart.com can you take melatonin while taking premarin axellerata.com difference between lamictal and seroquel uncn.org cong dung thuoc colcrys 0.6mg olanzapine in icu prodigy clopidogrel ppt 1819wine.com doxycycline hyclate cause ears to plug azithromycin heart block what is propranolol lp 80mgs usual dose nifedipine can you take mucinex d and lexapro safe website to buy viagra prednisone taper 21 pills se puede usar cytotec si tengo flujo blanco furosemide effect on kidneys doxycycline untuk jerawat avastan.pl allopurinol fk can nsaids be taken with lisinopril safe to use viagra when trying to get pregnant clomid 7dpo zoloft and red wine momandfitness.com accidental double dose of celexa we-net.org vizioescort.com finasteride 1mg or 5mg for hair loss cytoteccomprimidos misoprostol 200mcg via oral seroquel xr release date alisongreenwoodphotography.com veziris.com how to get priligy 60 in kolkata vollemaan.org erythromycin 500 mg twice a day bridgehousemedia.com maximum dose of zofran in pregnancy muslim-academy.com side effects of metformin 500mg prednisone dose for pediatric asthma does lipitor make you itch pre?o cialis bula webtodesigns.co unesco-iicas.org asi.wpgsystem.com does rite aid sell azithromycin sildenafil citrate tablets target 100 pill lopressor diabetes hpa axis prednisone topamax side effects last reverse prednisone damage h-o-s.co.uk liquid albuterol for sale is metronidazoleflagyl available in south africa 6 day burst prednisone valsartan hctz cost what happens if you snort atorvastatin 0798hx.com haltner.com what is doxycycline used for in dogs mag3 captopril obat clomiphene batam insideinsights.net acyclovir interaction with birth control side effects of metronidazole vag gel kamagra oral jelly nachweissbar im blut bactrim 400 80 mg ulotka ibicisi.com vancampinc.com generic lipitor glass shards tadalafil 20mg tablets lipitor is over the counter tetracycline absorption spectra metformin 500 and levothyroxine wast.org.uk blackisbusiness.info buy zovirax canada cost of cialis 20 at walmart azithromycin 500 mg for chlamydia webster.sasakistrategies.com soluble in water antibiotic buy benefits taking cymbalta can you get metformin over the counter walan.com ocd aripiprazole augmentation pellet disulfiram farmacia ahumada xenical orlistat recensioni heartsdirect.co.uk is paxil better than celexa ceftin and allegra worldtravelandtourservices.com levaquin and metformin taking cialis but nothing happening asylum-booksandgames.com cymbalta skin reactions bupropion reviews loss of creativity coumadin lasix interactions michellestockman.com lamisil tablets interactions will doxycycline treat scarlet fever how long is the shelf life of synthroid flagyl forte gamot saan how is naproxen per pill association-secours-sante.cm cymbalta stilnox meastcompany.com atorvastatin lipitor 20 mg hinta uzdrowisko-ewa.pl glucophage xr 750 c,est quoi indapamide notice tamoxifen used to treat 200 mg thyroxine sodium side effect in thyroid who discovered azithromycin yagbank.com disulfiram tablets i.p.500mg alcohol can you disolve viagra in a drink what is the average age of men using viagra coumadin level of 6.7 levaquin or teva 3109 for abcessed tooth wbstaffing.pl bladder problems and amlodipine medicosefectivos.net ad-brain-web.com elavil remedio cialis dosis obat chloramphenicol palmitate stromectol for lice dosage can a dog take mylan meloxicam how much valtrex do you take for an outbreak zlobeklesneskrzaty.pl metformina mas atorvastatina valacyclovir hcl 500 mg used for flagyl tannlege amoxil sugar free fort how much to give 5 year old webster.sasakistrategies.com feldene cost glucophage 500 mg presentacion cannabis sevrage paroxetine clomid challenge test london whats tge diffrence between dog cipro and human cipro hbm.org.pl simvastatin amlodipine fda warning hollisterlancasterlaw.com cialis generic 50mg does walmart has viagra vbtube.com ip4b.de isotretinoin adverse angus castus and thyroxine webmd gabapentin 600mg flagyl yaz success rate of taking clomid with pcos p?rindopril indapamide teva can i take two 5mg cialis for daily use bisenconsulting.com topamax 75 mg side effects yahoo answers how much viagra costs in indian market flagyl missed period testimonials celexa warfarin satterfieldusa.com pcos low carb diet metformin clomiphene for men aleskons.ru flomax weak legs bayrakogullari.com baufinanzierung-aktuell.com amoxicillin dosage for viral infection aciclovir einnahme vapplica.org cuanto cuesta un viagra en chile how long does bupropion take to kick in does quetiapine cause lot of wind cseafaculty.org isotretinoin capsules usp 20 mg can be taken night time valsartan 320 mg price artcontact.ge grisogono allegra ring price priligy comprime indocin 75 qui fabrique le viagra vacanza cipro luglio tadalafil 20 mg online california-employment-lawyers.com accutane side effects during treatment is propranolol la 60mg still on back order gastrulmisoprostol dosis aleskons.ru plavix without stent aciclovir cr?me dermique indomethacin 50 mg anafranil gouttes bupropion sr 150 hungry moravskavina.cz voltaren oral drops nazilliescortbayan.com maximum dose of amlodipine cephalexin impurity j irontownmodular.com does ic buspirone help ed how can i get a trial sample of cialis judytaylor.com allegra printing in lansing mi viagra ecstasy can i take serotonin with synthroid ranbaxy generic lipitor glass atenolol hidroclorotiazida zyvoxid cena is famvir available over the counter cialis can i take 20mg in two days clomid menopur praha1online.cz cytotec et ivg par aspiration 20 mg of propranolol is not enough tamoxifen 10 years dcis balkan-area.com lisinopril creatine levels ventolin info flagyl uses side effects valacyclovir prevent contagion generic fluconazole vs diflucan epilim bupropion monostat stronger than diflucan wowhomes.biz mooboos.com generic for lasix rerard wonderlandae.com zofran generic cost cvs escitalopram ratiopharm forum vigora uses in hindi insideinsights.net trazodone generic price 60 celebrex 100mg mi vergogno a comprare il viagra is it ok to take tart cherry ext with warfarin albuterol hfa oral ranbaxy generika viagra wrse-modelling.org.uk standard treatment 1 gram azithromycin ciprofloxacin cause false pregnancy test will cipro help a yeast infection posologia italiano diflucan 200mg compre plavix no prescription cheap busy-autokary-wynajem.pl cabergoline and pregnancy symptoms generic viagra for sale philippines wellbutrin and body aches upd315.com doses for chlamydia doxycycline with beta cyclodextrin duloxetine motivation how much propecia shoujld i take monograph of montelukast sodium can you double up on premarin .625 to equal 1.25 hashtonim.com does nortriptyline cause bad dreams lanoxin digoxina 0.25 mg levothyroxine brands in australia western-showline.de ibizaglobalradio.com variamedia.com.pl why should you not take allegra with juice street value of ondansetron dosage and administration of augmentin neurontin renal viagra in dubai is 30mg high dose of prednisone for uc can you drink alcohol while using terbinafine cream prednisone ivf why can the use of prednisone cause spotting after period abilify rem sleep ofloxacin onmeda irontownmodular.com bactrim ds price at walmart does orlistat interfere with clozapine how long does erections last on cialis synthroid and getting pregnant trazodone dose dogs para que sirven lad padtillas montelukast sod de 10mg viagra and at flutter hillsidesanctuary.com apparel-chic.com doxycycline pink eye will 10 days of amoxicillin kill chlamydia napabusinessadvantage.com septra dosage for boils seroquel mit venlafaxin zestril sales side effects from taking cymbalta with topamax can you take a diflucan every 48 hours silagra thailand price proventil no prescription happydeal4u.com ile-au-tresor.net houseontheisland.com what is the street value of gabapentin 300mg order priligy tqeovertoz can prozac and strattera cause a pain in your testicles propranolol bluelight hnsuresh.com ivermectin pubchem cialis side effect for older men synthroid promo code generic for vibramycin gel if i sniff trazodone plavix 93 azithromycin 400mg vrlaksaraytransfer.com zovirax 50mg creme will naproxen help cure tinea cruris celexa prescriptions astakaryaindotama.com kegunaan obat farizol metronidazole 500mg the effect of cialis on women maxalto collection simplice how long does it take for metoprolol tartrate to work where to buy oral ivermectin for dogs pfizer acyclovir oitment usage side effects ng metformin personal erectile dysfunction valtrex for phn can you crush cipro tablets xeloda 500mg tablet asylum-booksandgames.com why should i take synthroid in the morning can you cut 5 mg cialis in half can you get slow release baclofen cialis romania preturi que es dostinex y para que sirve weaning off zoloft pregnant can you mix coumadin and coconut oil atenolol ir spectrum ile kosztuje badanie fsh i estradiol huafengcreative.com mag3 with lasix is there codeine in surgical iv phenergan side effects of xeloda 500mg order neurontin from mexican pharmacy can i take levofloxacin for tooth infection lexapro 15mg 28 comprimidos can flagyl be used to treat kidney and pid infections afsvc.com vuongminh.com levitra y alimentos clomid no 3 ciclo can i buy doxycycline off the shelf ciprofloxacin and sulfa allergies hedleyenterprises.co.uk norweco singulair model 206c for sale dostinex inizio gravidanza amlodipine 2.5 tablets lisinopril 40 mg tab qualitest images abilify commercial voice actor is xenical orlistat on the pbs cheap list in australia gym after viagra clomid d? espinhas hnxxldb.com what is the dosing of prednisone to take for poison ivy amoxicillin is making me nauseous you tube kegunaan ubat sertraline abilify and seizures fluconazole dosage plus levofloxacina metronidazole tac dung whats better crestor or lipitor painful rash on back after prednisone ibuprofen voltaren shots mikezielinski.com medievalcostumesandgifts.com hollisterlancasterlaw.com norvasc 7.5 mg worldwide-yacht-charter.com prednisone 5mg daily for poison ivy metronidazole 500mg for trich buy online valtrex best prices

Dancing during Mass?

Although not specifically mentioned in the instruction Redemptionis Sacramentum, dance can be included in the overall prohibition on introducing elements not contemplated by the liturgical books.
by Father Edward McNamara, LC | Source: Catholic.net
Q: Is so-called liturgical dancing allowed in English-speaking countries where traditionally dancing is not regarded as culturally proper? Can it be carried out during solemn occasions such as the celebration of the Mass? – F.Y., Auckland, New Zealand

A: The document that comes closest to being an official commentary on this theme hails from an essay published by the official organ of the then Congregation for the Sacraments and Divine Worship, Notitiae, 11 (1975) 202–205.

This article is labeled as a “qualified and authoritative sketch.” It is considered by the congregation as “an authoritative point of reference for every discussion on the matter.” Therefore, it is commended for study by diocesan liturgical commissions and offices of worship. (The English translation below first appeared in The Canon Law Digest, Vol. VIII, pp. 78–82.)

The article was later republished with permission in the April/May 1982 Newsletter of the Bishops Committee on the Liturgy of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, which consequently published directives that all dancing (ballet, children’s gesture as dancing, the clown liturgy) are not permitted to be “introduced into liturgical celebrations of any kind whatever.”

Although not specifically mentioned in the instruction Redemptionis Sacramentum, dance can be included in the overall prohibition on introducing elements not contemplated by the liturgical books.

On some recent occasions a certain form of dance has been introduced within the context of papal liturgies on the occasion of regional synods of bishops or canonization ceremonies. But these were usually associated with elements of African or Asian culture and are to be considered as special exceptions in virtue of the Pope’s universal mission.

On recent occasions Cardinal Francis Arinze, prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacraments, has publicly criticized certain forms of introducing dance into Western liturgy especially in forms which reduce the sacred rite to a spectacle.

I am also aware that he has reiterated these criticisms privately to the bishops of several countries during their five-yearly ad limina visits to Rome.

The 1975 article from The Canon Law Digest follows:

The Religious Dance, an Expression of Spiritual Joy

The dance can be an art: a synthesis of the measured arts (music and poetry) and the spatial arts (architecture, sculpture, painting).

As an art which, by means of the body, expresses human feelings, the dance is especially adapted to signify joy.

Thus, among the mystics, we find intervals of dancing as an expression of the fullness of their love of God. Recall the cases of St. Theresa of Avila, St. Philip Neri, St. Gerard Majella.

When the Angelic Doctor wished to represent paradise, he represented it as a dance executed by angels and saints.

The dance can turn into prayer which expresses itself with a movement which engages the whole being, soul and body. Generally, when the spirit raises itself to God in prayer, it also involves the body.

One can speak of the prayer of the body. This can express its praise, its petition with movements, just as is said of the stars which by their evolution praise their Creator (cf. Baruch 3:34).

Various examples of this type of prayer are had in the Old Testament.

This holds true especially for primitive peoples. They express their religious sentiment with rhythmic movements.

Among them, when there is a question of worship, the spoken word becomes a chant, and the gesture of going or walking towards the divinity transforms itself into a dance step.

Among the Fathers and ecclesiastical writers and in the conciliar texts there is mention of dancing, an evaluation of it, a comment on the biblical text in which there is an allusion to the dance; more frequently there is a condemnation of profane dances and the disorders to which the dances give rise.

In liturgical texts, there are at times allusions to the dance of the angels and of the elect in paradise (cf. “Among the lilies thou dost feed, surrounded by dancing groups of virgins”) in order to express the “joy and the “jubilation” which will characterize eternity.

Dancing and worship

The dance has never been made an integral part of the official worship of the Latin Church.

If local churches have accepted the dance, sometimes even in the church building, that was on the occasion of feasts in order to manifest sentiments of joy and devotion. But that always took place outside of liturgical services.

Conciliar decisions have often condemned the religious dance because it conduces little to worship and because it could degenerate into disorders.

Actually, in favor of dance in the liturgy, an argument could be drawn from the passage of the Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy, Sacrosanctum Concilium, in which are given the norms for adaptation of the liturgy to the character and the traditions of the various peoples:

“In matters which do not affect the faith or the well-being of an entire community, the Church does not wish, even in the Liturgy, to impose a rigid uniformity; on the contrary, she respects and fosters the genius and talents of various races and people. Whatever in their way of life is not indissolubly bound up with superstition and error, she looks upon with benevolence and if possible keeps it intact, and sometimes even admits it into the Liturgy provided it accords with the genuine and authentic liturgical spirit.”

Theoretically, it could be deduced from that passage that certain forms of dancing and certain dance patterns could be introduced into Catholic worship.

Nevertheless, two conditions could not be prescinded from.

The first: to the extent in which the body is a reflection of the soul, dancing, with all its manifestations, would have to express sentiments of faith and adoration in order to become a prayer.

The second condition: just as all the gestures and movements found in the liturgy are regulated by the competent ecclesiastical authority, so also dancing as a gesture would have to be under its discipline.

Concretely: there are cultures in which this is possible insofar as dancing is still reflective of religious values and becomes a clear manifestation of them. Such is the case of the Ethiopians. In their culture, even today, there is the religious ritualized dance, clearly distinct from the martial dance and from the amorous dance. The ritual dance is performed by priests and levites before beginning a ceremony and in the open are in front of the church. The dance accompanies the chanting of psalms during the procession. When the procession enters the church, then the chanting of the psalms is carried out with and accompanied by bodily movement.

The same thing is found in the Syriac liturgy by means of chanting of psalms.

In the Byzantine Liturgy, there is an extremely simplified dance on the occasion of a wedding when the crowned spouses make a circular revolution around the lectern together with the celebrant.

Such is the case of the Israelites: in the synagogue their prayer is accompanied by a continuous movement to recall the precept from tradition: “When you pray, do so with all your heart, and all your bones.” And for primitive peoples the same observation can be made.

However, the same criterion and judgment cannot be applied in the western culture.

Here dancing is tied with love, with diversion, with profaneness, with un bridling of the senses: such dancing, in general, is not pure.

For that reason it cannot be introduced into liturgical celebrations of any kind whatever: that would be to inject into the liturgy one of the most desacralized and desacralizing elements; and so it would be equivalent to creating an atmosphere of profaneness which would easily recall to those present and to the participants in the celebration worldly places and situations.

Neither can acceptance be had of the proposal to introduce into the liturgy the so-called artistic ballet because there would be presentation here also of a spectacle at which one would assist, while in the liturgy one of the norms from which one cannot prescind is that of participation.

Therefore, there is a great difference in cultures: what is well received in one culture cannot be taken on by another culture.

The traditional reserve of the seriousness of religious worship, and of the Latin worship in particular, must never be forgotten.

If the proposal of the religious dance in the West is really to be made welcome, care will have to be taken that in its regard a place be found outside of the liturgy, in assembly areas which are not strictly liturgical. Moreover, the priests must always be excluded from the dance.

We can recall how much was derived from the presence of the Samoans at Rome for the missionary festival of 1971. At the end of the Mass, they carried out their dance in St. Peter’s square: and all were joyful.


Vatican Council II, Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy, no. 37; C.L.D., 6, p. 44.

In favor of the insertion of artistic dancing into the liturgy, reference can also be made to the text of Gaudium et spes, nn. 53, 57, 58. However, the cited texts speak of manifestation of culture in general, and of art which elevates with the true and beautiful. They do not speak of dancing in a specific manner. Dancing also can be an art. Nonetheless, it cannot be said that the conciliar Fathers, when they were speaking of art in the Council, had “in view” also the reality of dancing.

N. 62 of the said constitution, Gaudium et spes, can certainly not be appealed to in this instance. When such number speaks of the artistic forms and of their importance in the life of the Church, it intends to make reference to the artistic forms as relative to the sacred furnishings. The counter proof stands in the texts cited in the footnote: article 123 of the Constitution on the Liturgy and the allocution of Paul VI to the artists at Rome in 1964 (C.L.D., 6, pp. 64 and 735 respectively).

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows Catholic.net to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to Catholic.net right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Published by: Mary
Date: 2011-03-21 20:47:40
Thanks for this posting. It is a very good compilation of documentation on the topic that is similar to research I had done a few years ago. May many people become educated to the fact that dancing does NOT belong on western liturgy nor in the part of the church where the mass is celebrated. Bring the dancing down to the basement or school gym for assemblies not for masses.

Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular